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Last updated: 4 August 2021
Status:
Date:Thursday 9 September 1976
Time:13:51
Type:Silhouette image of generic YK40 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Yakovlev Yak-40
Operator:Aeroflot, North Kavkaz Civil Aviation Directorate
Registration: CCCP-87772
MSN: 9030713
First flight: 1970
Total airframe hrs:6842
Cycles:7174
Engines: 3 Ivchenko AI-25
Crew:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 14 / Occupants: 14
Total:Fatalities: 18 / Occupants: 18
Collision casualties:Fatalities: 52
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:37 km (23.1 mls) S off Anapa [Black Sea] (   Russia)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Rostov Airport (ROV/URRR), Russia
Destination airport:Kerch Airport (KHC/UKFK), Ukraine
Flightnumber: 31
Narrative:
Aeroflot Flight 7957, an Antonov An-24RV and Aeroflot Flight 31, a Yakovlev 40, crashed following a mid-air collision over the Black Sea. All 52 on board the An-24 and all 18 occupants of the Yak-40 were killed.
The An-24 (CCCP-46518) operated on a flight from Gomel to Donetsk and Sochi and took off at Donetsk Airport at 12:56 hours local time. The Yak-40 (CCCP-87772) took off from Rostov at 12:47, bound for Kerch.
Both aircraft were en route at an altitude of 5700 meters. At 13:47 hours, the An-24 was in contact with the controller of the Western sector of the Krasnodar ARTCC. The flight was cleared to turn left onto the airway in the direction of Sochi. At the same time, the Yak-40 was approaching on the same airway, at the same altitude, in the opposite direction.
The Yakovlev collided head-on with the Antonov The wreckage of both aircraft sank in in the water of the Black Sea, 1500-1600 feet deep.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: Violation of separation rules. Contributing causes were insufficient visual alertness on the part of both crews and a lack of 'situation analysis' based on air/ground radio communications.

Classification:

Mid air collision
Loss of control

Sources:
» Soviet Transports
» Aviation Disasters / D. Gero
» airdisaster.ru


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Rostov Airport to Kerch Airport as the crow flies is 333 km (208 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Yakovlev Yak-40

  • 1136 built
  • 22nd loss
  • 11th fatal accident
  • 6th worst accident (at the time)
  • 22nd worst accident (currently)
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