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Last updated: 6 July 2020
Date:Thursday 9 September 1976
Type:Silhouette image of generic YK40 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Yakovlev Yak-40
Operator:Aeroflot, North Kavkaz Civil Aviation Directorate
Registration: CCCP-87772
C/n / msn: 9030713
First flight: 1970
Total airframe hrs:6842
Engines: 3 Ivchenko AI-25
Crew:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 14 / Occupants: 14
Total:Fatalities: 18 / Occupants: 18
Collision casualties:Fatalities: 46
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:37 km (23.1 mls) S off Anapa [Black Sea] (   Russia)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Rostov Airport (ROV/URRR), Russia
Destination airport:Kerch Airport (KHC/UKFK), Ukraine
Flightnumber: 31
Aeroflot flight 31, a Yakovlev Yak-40 on its way to Kerch, had been cleared to an altitude of 5700 m. This altitude however, was intended for the reciprocal track. The Yakovlev collided head-on with an Antonov 24 (CCCP-46518) on its way to Sochi. The wreckage sank. The tail was recovered from a depth of some 500 to 600 metres, but the fuselage and the bodies were never found.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: Violation of separation rules. Contributing causes were insufficient visual alertness on the part of both crews and a lack of 'situation analysis' based on air/ground radio communications.

Mid air collision
Loss of control

» Soviet Transports
» Aviation Disasters / D. Gero


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Rostov Airport to Kerch Airport as the crow flies is 333 km (208 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Yakovlev Yak-40

  • 1136 built
  • 20th loss
  • 11th fatal accident
  • 6th worst accident (at the time)
  • 22nd worst accident (currently)
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