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Last updated: 22 January 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:lundi 8 mai 1978
Heure:21:20
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B722 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 727-235
Compagnie:National Airlines
Immatriculation: N4744
Numéro de série: 19464/553
Année de Fabrication: 1968-03-20 (10 years 2 months)
Heures de vol:26720
Moteurs: 3 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-7B
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 6
Passagers:victimes: 3 / à bord: 52
Total:victimes: 3 / à bord: 58
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Escambia Bay, FL (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Mobile Municipal Airport, AL (MOB/KMOB), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Pensacola Regional Airport, FL (PNS/KPNS), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol: 193
Détails:
Flight 193 operated as a scheduled passenger from Miami to Pensacola, FL, with en route stops at Melbourne and Tampa, New Orleans, Louisiana, and Mobile. About 21:02 CDT the flight departed Mobile on an IFR flight plan to Pensacola and climbed to the cruising altitude of 7,000 feet. At 21:09, the crew were told that they would be vectored for an airport surveillance radar (ASR) approach to runway 25. At 21:13, the radar controller told National 193 that it was 11 nm NW of the airport and cleared it to descend and maintain 1700 feet. At 21:17 flaps were selected at 15deg and two minutes later the flight was cleared to descend to 1500 feet and shortly after that further down to the MDA (480 feet). As the aircraft rolled out on the final approach heading, the captain called for the landing gear and the landing final checklist. At 21:20:15, the ground proximity warning system (GPWS) whooper warning continued for nine seconds until the first officer silenced the warning. Nine seconds later the 727 hit the water with gear down and flaps at 25deg. It came to rest in about 12 feet of water. The weather at the time of the accident was 400 feet overcast, 4 miles visibility in fog and haze, wind 190deg/7 kts.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The flightcrew's unprofessionally conducted nonprecision instrument approach, in that the captain and the crew failed to monitor the descent rate and altitude, and the first officer failed to provide the captain with required altitude and approach performance callouts. The captain and first officer did not check or utilize all instruments available for altitude awareness and, therefore, did not configure the aircraft properly and in a timely manner for the approach. The captain failed to comply with the company's GPWS flightcrew response procedures in a timely manner after the warning began. The flight engineer turned off the GPWS warning 9 seconds after it began without the captain' s knowledge or consent. Contributing to the accident was the radar controller's failure to provide advance notice of the start-descent point which accelerated the pace of the crew's cockpit activities after the passage of the final approach fix."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 185 days (6 months)
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-78-13
Download report: Final report

Sources:
» NTSB AAR-78-13


Opérations de secours

NTSB issued 11 Safety Recommendations

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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Mobile Municipal Airport, AL et Pensacola Regional Airport, FL est de 103 km (65 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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Boeing 727

  • 1832 built
  • 29ème loss
  • 25ème accident fatal
  • le accident 21ème le plus grave (à ce moment là)
  • le accident 55ème le plus grave (en ce moment)
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