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Last updated: 3 June 2020
Datum:dinsdag 14 november 1978
Tijd:ca 13:00
Type:Silhouette image of generic T154 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Tupolev Tu-154B-1
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Aeroflot, International Civil Aviation Directorate
Registratie: CCCP-85286
Constructienummer: 78A286
Bouwjaar: 1978
Aantal vlieguren:584
Motoren: 3 Kuznetsov NK-8-2U
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 9
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 65
Totaal:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 74
Schade: Groot
Gevolgen: Repaired
Plaats:Stockholm-Arlanda Airport (ARN) (   Zweden)
Fase: Start (TOF)
Soort vlucht:Internationale lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Stockholm-Arlanda Airport (ARN/ESSA), Zweden
Vliegveld van aankomst:Moskva-Sheremetyevo Airport (SVO/UUEE), Rusland
Aeroflot flight 212 to Moscow had to abort the take off from runway 26 Stockholm-Arlanda airport. The aircraft passed the runway end and continued 200 meters to an area where the ground surface slopes to a crossing road. The starbord wing hit and destroyed an ILS/localizer antenna.
The captain aborted the take-off when he at speed VR noted , that the control force was abnormally large and the control column could only be pulled back a short distance. As he initiated the take-off abortion he saw that the warning sign "Not ready for start" was flashing. This light flashes. for instance , when the nose wheel steering is in the taxying position or the control system hydraulic booster switches have not been locked in the ON -position.
had reached rotation speed when the captain felt firm resistance when trying to lift the nose. The captain decided to abort the takeoff with only about 500 meters of runway left. The Tupolev overran runway 26, struck an ILS localizer antenna and went down a slope.

Probable Cause:

Probable cause (translated from Swedish):
The takeoff could not be completed because the crew had not selected the control system's hydraulic pressure.
The aircraft ran off the runway because the required total acceleration braking distance became longer than the available distance - which was 50-60m longer than for start required - due to heavy acceleration during the seconds the captain was required to make the decision to abort the takeoff and due to delayed braking and reverse.
Contributing causes of the accident were deficiencies in the crew resource management, especially with regard to execution of the checklist, inappropriate warning system and lack of training of the crew with regard to interrupted takeoff due to other than engine failure.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: SHK Sweden
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 262 days (9 months)
Accident number: 13/78
Download report: Final report

» Peter Tancred


photo of Tupolev-Tu-154B-1-CCCP-85286
accident date: 14-11-1978
type: Tupolev Tu-154B-1
registration: CCCP-85286
photo of Tupolev-Tu-154B-1-CCCP-85286
accident date: 14-11-1978
type: Tupolev Tu-154B-1
registration: CCCP-85286

Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Stockholm-Arlanda Airport en Moskva-Sheremetyevo Airport bedraagt 1211 km (757 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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