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Last updated: 24 November 2020
Status:
Date:Monday 7 December 1981
Type:Silhouette image of generic B722 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 727-200
Operator:Libyan Arab Airlines
Registration: registration unknown
C/n / msn:
First flight:
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants:
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants:
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants:
Aircraft damage: None
Location:Beirut International Airport (BEY) (   Lebanon)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Zürich-Kloten Airport (ZRH/LSZH), Switzerland
Destination airport:Tripoli International Airport (TIP/HLLT), Libya
Narrative:
While en route, the hijackers armed with pistols and hand grenades demanded that the aircraft be flown to Beirut, Lebanon.
Officials blocked the runway but after a considerable period of flying in a holding pattern and unsuccessfully attempting to land without permission the aircraft was allowed to land. At Beirut, the hijackers demanded the release of Musa al-Sadr, a Lebanese-Iranian philosopher and Shi'a religious leader who disappeared while on a trip to Libya in August 1978. They also made other demands related to the release and return of their leader They shot a passenger in the foot and threatened to kill passengers and blow up the aircraft unless it was refueled. Reportedly two men boarded and joined the hijackers and three passengers were released prior to the aircraft's departure for
Athens. Greece. At Athens, they repeated their demands and received fuel and supplies They then flew to Rome. Italy. At Rome, the aircraft was refueled and again flew to Beirut where the runways were again blocked. Reportedly several hundred armed men of the Shiite Moslem militant group known as Amal forced the runway to be cleared and required the control tower to facilitate the aircraft's landing. After landing the aircraft was refueled and two terrorists deplaned while four more accomplices boarded. They next flew to Tehran, Iran where they repeated their demands and the aircraft was again refueled and resupplied. They returned to Beirut where after about four hours the hijackers deplaned. Three were taken into custody. The four who had joined the original hijackers on earlier stops were not detained.

Classification:
Hijack


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Zürich-Kloten Airport to Tripoli International Airport as the crow flies is 1679 km (1049 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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