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Last updated: 30 May 2020
Status:Final
Date:Sunday 10 November 1985
Time:17:22
Type:Silhouette image of generic FA50 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Dassault Falcon 50
Operator:Nabisco Brands, Inc.
Registration: N784B
C/n / msn: 118
First flight:
Engines: 3 Garrett TFE731-3-1C
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 1
Collision casualties:Fatalities: 3
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:7,2 km (4.5 mls) ESE of Teterboro Airport, NJ (TEB) (   United States of America)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Executive
Departure airport:Morristown Municipal Airport, NJ (MMU/KMMU), United States of America
Destination airport:Teterboro Airport, NJ (TEB/KTEB), United States of America
Narrative:
A Dassault Falcon 50 jet (N784B) and an Air Pegasus Piper PA-28-181 Archer (N1977H) collided about 1500 feet over the towns of Fairview and Cliffside Park, New Jersey, USA. The Falcon 50 was cleared for a standard instrument approach procedure in visual meteorological conditions and was in a left turn to position itself on the downwind leg to runway 19 at the Teterboro Airport, and the PA-28 was transiting the airport traffic area from west to east when they collided. The accident occurred 4 1/2 miles east-southeast at the edge of the airport traffic area in visual meteorological conditions. Both airplanes had been in radio contact with the Teterboro control tower. The flightcrew, the only occupants aboard the Falcon 50, and the pilot and two passengers onboard the PA-28 were killed. The Falcon 50 crashed into an apartment building killing one resident and seriously injuring two bystanders.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "A breakdown in air traffic control coordination which resulted in an air traffic conflict and the inability of the DA50 flightcrew to ‘see and avoid' the other aircraft due to (1) an erroneous and inadequate traffic advisory and (2) the physiological limitations of human vision and reaction time at night. Air traffic control management contributed to the accident by failing to insure that controllers were following prescribed procedures and by failing to recognize and correct operational deficiencies."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 6 months
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-87/05
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Wrong or misinterpreted ATC instructions
Mid air collision
Loss of control

Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 6 Safety Recommendations

Show all...

Photos

photo of Dassault-Falcon-50-N784B
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Morristown Municipal Airport, NJ to Teterboro Airport, NJ as the crow flies is 30 km (19 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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