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Last updated: 24 June 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:jeudi 12 juin 1986
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DHC6 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300
Immatriculation: G-BGPC
Numéro de série: 635
Année de Fabrication: 1979
Heures de vol:9206
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-27
Equipage:victimes: 1 / à bord: 2
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 14
Total:victimes: 1 / à bord: 16
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:1,9 km (1.2 milles) NW of Laphroaig, Isle of Islay (   Royaume Uni)
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Glasgow-Abbotsinch Airport (GLA/EGPF), Royaume Uni
Aéroport de destination:Islay-Glenegedale Airport (ILY/EGPI), Royaume Uni
Numéro de vol: 423
Loganair Flight LC423 was a scheduled passenger flight from Glasgow Airport (GLA) to Islay/Port Ellen (ILY). The handling pilot, who occupied the first pilot's position, had recently converted to flying the DHC-6 Twin Otter aircraft, and was completing a series of supervised route flights required by the airline before the award of full command status. A company supervisory captain, the designated commander for this flight, occupied the co-pilot's position.
The Twin Otter's engines were started at 14:38, and, at 14:44, Glasgow Airport ATC approved taxy clearance to the holding point of runway 28. The aircraft was operating on a stored Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) flight plan. The requested routeing was a Standard Instrument Departure (SID), to join Airway Blue 2 for the Skipness VOR beacon, and thereafter direct to the Islay/Port Ellen NDB. The direct track is the 272° Magnetic (M) radial from Skipness.
At 14:46 Glasgow ATC advised LC423 of their flight clearance. The requirement to fly the SID was cancelled and the aircraft was cleared direct to Skipness, cruising level FL55. The aircraft took off from runway 28 at 14:48. The aircraft reported a position overhead the Skipness VOR at 15:08. At this point Scottish Airways Control informed LC423 that they should clear controlled airspace, contact Port Ellen, and that there was no known traffic to affect their descent. After passing overhead the Skipness VOR the aircraft did not depart that position on the 272° radial, but instead turned 15° left, and descended on the 257° radial towards the south of the island of Islay.
At 15:10, having already started to descend, LC423 contacted Islay/Port Ellen, reported an arrival time of 15:23, and requested details of the latest weather. The Islay/Port Ellen radio operator replied that the weather details were a surface wind of 220°/05 knots, visibility 2000 metres in drizzle, cloud 3 oktas at 400 feet, 5 oktas at 700 feet, and 8 oktas at 1400 feet. The sea level barometric pressure was 1018 millibars. LC423 acknowledged the information and was asked to advise when overhead the aerodrome at 3600 feet, or when in visual contact. The aircraft then continued to descend, on a track of about 260° M towards the south of the island, until it disappeared from radar cover at a height of 1400 feet and at a position 12 nautical miles (nm) from Islay/Port Ellen aerodrome on the 106° M radial. From the position that the aircraft descended below radar cover it is estimated that a direct track was flown towards the southern coast of the Isle of Islay. The flight continued at very low level parallel to the south coast. At 15:21 the Islay/Port Ellen radio operator transmitted further weather information which recorded that cloud conditions were similar to the previous report but that there was then heavy drizzle. Changes in barometric pressure settings were also reported. LC423 acknowledged this information and reported "over Port Ellen". However, the aircraft was not, at that time, over Port Ellen, but was in fact turning inland at very low level over Laphroaig. From overhead Laphroaig the aircraft settled on to a northwesterly heading and very shortly afterwards crashed into rising ground, that was obscured in hill fog, approximately 1 nm from the coast at a height of 360 feet amsl.

Probable Cause:

CAUSE: "The commander's decision to allow the handling pilot to carry out a visual approach in totally unsuitable meteorological conditions. An error in visual navigation was a contributory factor."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 2 months
Accident number: AAR 4/1987
Download report: Final report

» ICAO Circular 245-AN/147

Opérations de secours
Two recommendations were issued: 1) The CAA should consider upgrading the modification (De Havilland Canada Service Bulletin 6/469) to improve crashworthiness of the Twin Otter by the introduction of a wing restraint tension rod.;
2) The CAA should require that on those airfield approach plates where the distance from the missed approach point to the minimum visual reference is significantly greater than the published minimum visibility requirement, the difference should be highlighted.


photo of DHC-6-Twin-Otter-300-G-BGPC
accident date: 12-06-1986
type: de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300
registration: G-BGPC
photo of DHC-6-Twin-Otter-
photo of DHC-6-Twin-Otter-
Impact sequence

Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Glasgow-Abbotsinch Airport et Islay-Glenegedale Airport est de 115 km (72 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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