ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-22 TI-LRC San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport (SJO)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Monday 23 May 1988
Type:Silhouette image of generic B721 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 727-22
Operator:Lineas Aéreas Costarricenses - LACSA
Registration: TI-LRC
MSN: 18856/199
First flight: 1965-10-22 (22 years 7 months)
Total airframe hrs:50624
Engines: 3 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-7B
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 8
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 16
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 24
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport (SJO) (   Costa Rica)
Crash site elevation: 921 m (3022 feet) amsl
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport (SJO/MROC), Costa Rica
Destination airport:Managua-Augusto C. Sandino Airport (MGA/MNMG), Nicaragua
Flightnumber: 628
The takeoff was abandoned after V1 because the aircraft wouldn't rotate. The aircraft overran runway 07, collided with a fence, crossed a ditch, struck a hill and caught fire.

Probable Cause:

Discontinuation of the takeoff run after the decision speed (V1) due to sensation problems by the pilot in the control of the aircraft in its pitching movement (transverse axis), during the rotation phase, which was caused by an erroneous adjustment of the horizontal stabilizer, without having been subsequently corrected, as a result of the overload in the front compartment of the aircraft and improper distribution of the same, causing the aircraft's Center of Gravity (CG) to move to the front to an extreme position. The above was not manifested in the Weight and Balance document, leaving the aircraft destroyed by impacts and fire upon entering irregular terrain at the end of the available runway length.

Deficiencies in the organizational and control system of the company operating the aircraft.

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: DGAC Costa Rica
Status: Investigation completed
Accident number: final report
Download report: Final report

Centre of Gravity outside limits
Runway excursion

» ICAO Adrep Summary 2/89 (#2)


photo of Boeing-727-22-TI-LRC
accident date: 23-05-1988
type: Boeing 727-22
registration: TI-LRC
photo of Boeing-727-22-TI-LRC
accident date: 23-05-1988
type: Boeing 727-22
registration: TI-LRC

Aircraft history
date registration operator remarks
22 OCT 1965 N7049U United Airlines
22 JAN 1979 N7049U Allegheny Airlines
28 OCT 1979 N7049U US Air airline renamed
29 SEP 1983 N7049U Key Airlines
N31KA Key Airlines new registration
14 FEB 1986 YV-90C Avensa
30 APR 1986 N300AA Gulf Air Transport
14 MAY 1987 TI-LRC LACSA leased

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport to Managua-Augusto C. Sandino Airport as the crow flies is 319 km (199 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Boeing 727

  • 1832 built
  • 52nd loss
» safety profile

 Costa Rica
  • 18th worst accident (at the time)
  • 23rd worst accident (currently)
» safety profile

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