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Last updated: 23 February 2020
Datum:maandag 10 april 1989
Type:Silhouette image of generic F27 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fairchild FH-227B
Vloog voor:Europe Aero Service - EAS
Gehuurd van:Uni-Air International
Registratie: F-GGDM
Constructienummer: 532
Bouwjaar: 1966
Aantal vlieguren:27249
Aantal vluchten:39128
Motoren: 2 Rolls-Royce Dart 532-7
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 3 / inzittenden: 3
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 19 / inzittenden: 19
Totaal:slachtoffers: 22 / inzittenden: 22
Schade: Vernield
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:Léoncel (   Frankrijk)
Fase: Nadering (APR)
Soort vlucht:Binnenlandse charter
Vliegveld van vertrek:Paris-Orly Airport (ORY/LFPO), Frankrijk
Vliegveld van aankomst:Valence-Chabeuil Airport (VAF/LFLU), Frankrijk
Vluchtnummer: 602
EAS Flight 602 took off from Paris at 19:55 for a flight to Valance. The aircraft proceeded to Valence at FL130. At 20:43 the flight passed the Lespi intersection and continued on a 133deg heading to the VNE VOR. At 20:49 the aircraft was cleared to descend to FL70 and FL60 when approaching VNE VOR. At 20:56 the FH-227 passed the VNE VOR and was to head 178deg for Valence. The aircraft however continued on a 155deg heading. The heading was changed to 178deg at 21:04. At 21:07 the aircraft struck a mountain (Col de Tourniol) at 1260 m.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE (translated from original French language report): "The accident is the direct result of a navigational error. This error had the direct causes:
1) the display and use the VOR LSA instead of VNE;
2) an insufficiency in the mental representation of the path of the aircraft despite other available information.
Moreover, the lack of rigor in the division of work in their execution and in the mutual control are contributing factors.
The Committee also noted that the following facts have facilitated the development of a critical situation:
1) documentation of the crew used for navigation and organization of the dashboard of the plane could be sources of error,
2) the organization of the airspace in the region of Valence did not allow optimal use of existing radar;
3) the tasks of the crew were not defined by the operator;
4) the co-pilot had a moderate but significant blood alcohol level."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: BEA
Status: Investigation completed
Accident number: Report f-dm890410
Download report: Final report

» ICAO Circular 262-AN/156 (102-109) Commission d'Enquete sur l'accident survenu le 10 avril 1989 pres de Valence, commune de Léoncel (26), à l'avion FH227, immatriculé F-GGDM, exploité par la compagnie Uni-Air International


photo of Fairchild-FH-227B-F-GGDM
photo of Fairchild-FH-227B-F-GGDM
accident date: 10-04-1989
type: Fairchild FH-227B
registration: F-GGDM

Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Paris-Orly Airport en Valence-Chabeuil Airport bedraagt 464 km (290 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
languages: languages


Fairchild FH-227

  • 78 built
  • 14e ongeval
  • 11e dodelijk ongeval
  • 9e zwaarste ongeval (toen het plaatsvond)
  • 10e zwaarste ongeval (op dit moment)
» safety profile

  • 27e zwaarste ongeval (toen het plaatsvond)
  • 30e zwaarste ongeval (op dit moment)
» safety profile