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Last updated: 18 October 2019
Status:
Date:Thursday 28 December 1989
Type:Silhouette image of generic AN24 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Antonov An-24RV
Operator:Tarom
Registration: YR-BMJ
C/n / msn: 77310801
First flight: 1977
Engines: 2 Ivchenko AI-24
Crew:Fatalities: 6 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Total:Fatalities: 7 / Occupants: 7
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:near Visina (   Romania)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:Bucharest-Otopeni International Airport (OTP/LROP), Romania
Destination airport:Beograd Airport (BEG/LYBE), Serbia
Narrative:
The An-24 crashed in Malioasa forest while on a flight to Belgrade to pick up humanitarian supplies.
An investigation concluded that there was an external factor that caused the crew to lose control. The aircraft was likely fired at, possibly using a missile, at the end of the Romanian revolution.

Probable Cause:

Probable cause (translated from Romanian): The probable cause which determined the crash of the AN-24 aircraft registered YR-BMJ in the day of 28th of December, 1989 near the Visina village, Dimbovita county is the action of a force outside the aircraft, including the possibility of the impact with a foreign object located outside of it and in its flight trajectory, in the area of the left horizontal stabilizer, which is appreciated to have weakened the structure of the left horizontal stabilizer, to have caused an uncommanded and sudden trim of the horizontal stabilizer and a jam in this position, causing the aircraft to enter a dive and the impossibility of the flight crew to actuate the flight controls [in such a manner] to regain control of the flight trajectory, due to reasons independent of the aircraft as well as the will and actions of the crew.

Classification:
Shot down from the ground
Loss of control

Sources:
» BBC
» Romania, 1989 / Tom Cooper (Oct 28, 2003)
» Soviet Transports


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Bucharest-Otopeni International Airport to Beograd Airport as the crow flies is 454 km (284 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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