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Last updated: 26 May 2020
Status:Final
Date:Thursday 10 May 1990
Time:08:55
Type:Silhouette image of generic F27 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fairchild F-27J
Operating for:Aviacsa
Leased from:Noroeste
Registration: F-GHXA
C/n / msn: 101
First flight: 1963
Total airframe hrs:18147
Engines: 2 Rolls-Royce Dart 532-7
Crew:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 20 / Occupants: 36
Total:Fatalities: 24 / Occupants: 40
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:4,5 km (2.8 mls) S of Tuxtla Gutiérrez Airport (TGZ) (   Mexico)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Tapachula International Airport (TAP/MMTP), Mexico
Destination airport:Tuxtla Gutiérrez Airport (TGZ/MMTG), Mexico
Flightnumber:100
Narrative:
Aviacsa flight 100, a Fairchild F-27J, crashed on final approach to Tuxtla Gutiérrez Airport in Mexico. Sixteen of the 40 occupants survived the accident.
The aircraft took off from Tapachula at 08:10 hours. The flight proceeded normally and the first officer, who was the Pilot Flying, positioned the aircraft for an approach to runway 35. While fully configured for landing, the flight crew aborted the approach and performed a steep left-hand turn. The aircraft lost altitude and impacted the ground.
The accident was attributed to a lack of co-ordination between the crew during the approach and their lack of experience on the type.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Entry into loss of lift, during a tight turning manoeuvre and not maintaining the minimum lift speed of the aircraft, being at a low height and in a landing configuration (extended wing flaps and landing gear), without applying the required power."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: DGCA Mexico
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 91 days (3 months)
Accident number: 58/90
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Loss of control

Photos

photo of Fairchild-F-27J-F-GHXA
accident date: 10-05-1990
type: Fairchild F-27J
registration: F-GHXA
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Tapachula International Airport to Tuxtla Gutiérrez Airport as the crow flies is 232 km (145 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Fairchild F-27

  • 129 built
  • 38th loss
  • 17th fatal accident
  • 8th worst accident
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 Mexico
  • 19th worst accident
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