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Last updated: 22 September 2020
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mardi 12 mars 1991
Heure:09:06
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DC86 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62H-AF
Compagnie:Air Transport International - ATI
Immatriculation: N730PL
Numéro de série: 46161/552
Année de Fabrication: 1971
Heures de vol:50145
Moteurs: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3B
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 3
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 2
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 5
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Élévation des lieux de l'accident: 4 m (13 feet) amsl
Phase de vol: Au décollage (TOF)
Nature:Cargo
Aéroport de départ:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK/KJFK), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Brussel-Zaventem Airport (BRU/EBBR), Belgique
Numéro de vol: 102
Détails:
The pilot felt that the force needed to pull the yoke aft was too great and aborted the takeoff. The aircraft overran, striking a sand berm and an ILS shack. Both main gears and all four engines broke off. The flight engineer had calculated the "V"-speeds and trim settings for a 242,000 lb (109770 kg) takeoff weight, while the actual takeoff weight was 342,000 lb (155130 kg).

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Improper preflight planning/preparation, in that the flight engineer miscalculated (misjudged) the aircraft's gross weight by 100,000 lbs and provided the captain with improper takeoff speeds; and improper supervision by the captain. Factors related to the accident were: improper trim setting provided to the captain by the flight engineer, inadequate monitoring of the performance data by the first officer, and the company management's inadequate surveillance of the operation. "

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 7 months
Accident number: NYC91FA086
Download report: Summary report

Sources:
» Air Safety Week 10 April 1995 (p. 3-4)
» Flight International
» ICAO Adrep Summary 4/94 (#96)
» NTSB


Photos

photo of DC-8-62H-AF-N730PL
accident date: 12-03-1991
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62H-AF
registration: N730PL
photo of DC-8-62H-AF-N730PL
accident date: 12-03-1991
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62H-AF
registration: N730PL
 

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY et Brussel-Zaventem Airport est de 5845 km (3653 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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DC-8

  • 556 built
  • 64ème loss
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