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Last updated: 24 September 2021
Status:Definitief
Datum:woensdag 18 augustus 1993
Tijd:16:56
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC86 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-8-61
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Connie Kalitta Services
Registratie: N814CK
Constructienummer: 46127/510
Bouwjaar: 1969
Aantal vlieguren:43947
Aantal vluchten:18829
Motoren: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3B (Q)
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 3
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 0
Totaal:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 3
Schade: Afgeschreven
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:Guantánamo NAS (NBW) (   Cuba)
Fase: Nadering (APR)
Soort vlucht:Vracht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Norfolk NAS Chambers, VA (NGU/KNGU), Verenigde Staten
Vliegveld van aankomst:Guantánamo NAS (NBW/MUGM), Cuba
Vluchtnummer: 808
Beschrijving:
Flight 808 took off from Norfolk at 14:13 for a cargo flight to Guantanamo Bay. The flight and arrival into the Guantanamo terminal area was uneventful. At 16:34, while the flight was descending from FL320, radio contact was established with the Guantanamo radar controller. The radar controller instructed flight 808 to maintain VFR 12 miles off the Cuban coast and report at East Point. The runway in use was runway 10. The flight crew then requested a runway 28 approach, but changed this back to a runway 10 approach a couple of minutes later.
Clearance was given at 16:46 with wind reported at 200deg./7 knots. The runway 10 threshold was located 0,75 mile East of Cuban airspace, designated by a strobe light, mounted on a Marine Corps guard tower, located at the corner of the Cuban border and the shoreline. On the day of the accident, the strobe light was not operational (both controller and flight crew were not aware of this). The aircraft was approached from the south and was making a right turn for runway 10 with an increasing angle of bank in order to align with the runway. At 200-300 feet agl the wings started to rock towards wings level and the nose pitched up. The right wing appeared to stall, the aircraft rolled to 90deg. angle of bank and the nose pitched down. The aircraft then struck level terrain 1400 feet west of the approach end of the runway and 200 feet north of the extended centreline.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSES: "The impaired judgement, decision-making, and flying abilities of the captain and flight crew due to the effects of fatigue; the captain's failure to properly assess the conditions for landing and maintaining vigilant situational awareness of the airplane while manoeuvring onto final approach; his failure to prevent the loss of airspeed and avoid a stall while in the steep bank turn; and his failure to execute immediate action to recover from a stall.
Additional factors contributing to the cause were the inadequacy of the flight and duty time regulations applied to 14 CFR, Part 121, Supplemental Air Carrier, international operations, and the circumstances that resulted in the extended flight/duty hours and fatigue of the flight crew members. Also contributing were the inadequate crew resource management training and the inadequate training and guidance by American International Airways, Inc., to the flight crew for operations at special airports such as Guantanamo Bay; and the Navy's failure to provide a system that would assure that local tower controller was aware of the inoperative strobe light so as to provide the flight crew with such information."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 265 days (9 months)
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-94-04
Download report: Final report

Bronnen:
» NTSB Safety Recommendation A-94-105/110
» NTSB/AAR-94/04


Veiligheidsmaatregelen

NTSB issued 6 Safety Recommendations

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Foto's

photo of DC-8-61-
Ground track of flight 808
photo of DC-8-61-N25UA
accident date: 18-08-1993
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-8-61
registration: N25UA
 

Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Norfolk NAS Chambers, VA en Guantánamo NAS bedraagt 1884 km (1177 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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DC-8

  • 556 built
  • 70e ongeval
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 Cuba
  • 24e zwaarste ongeval (toen het plaatsvond)
  • 29e zwaarste ongeval (op dit moment)
» safety profile