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Last updated: 19 April 2019
Datum:Dienstag 14 September 1993
Zeit:15:43 UTC
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic A320 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A320-211
Kennzeichen: D-AIPN
Werknummer: 105
Baujahr: 1990
Anzahl Zyklen der Zelle:6721
Triebwerk: 2 CFMI CFM56-5A1
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 1 / Insassen: 6
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 1 / Insassen: 64
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 2 / Insassen: 70
Sachschaden: Zerstört
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:Warszawa-Okecie Airport (WAW) (   Polen)
Flugphase: Landung (LDG)
Betriebsart:Internationaler Linienflug
Flug von:Frankfurt International Airport (FRA/EDDF), Deutschland
Flug nach:Warszawa-Okecie Airport (WAW/EPWA), Polen
The aircraft was cleared for a Warsaw runway 11 approach and were told of the existence of windshear on the approach.
The Airbus' right gear touched down 770 m from the runway 11 threshold. The left gear touched down 9 seconds later, 1525 m from the threshold. Only when the left gear touched the runway, automatic systems depending on oleo strut (shock absorber) compression unlocked the use of ground spoilers and engine thrust reversers. The wheel brakes, depending on wheel rotation being equivalent of circumfential speed of 72 knots began to operate after about 4 seconds. Seeing the approaching end of the runway and the obstacle behind it, the pilot steered the aircraft off the runway to the right. The aircraft left the runway at a speed of 72 knots and rolled 90 m before it hit the embankment and an LLZ aerial with the left wing. A fire started in the left wing area and penetrated into the passenger cabin.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Cause of the accident were incorrect decisions and actions of the flight crew taken in situation when the information about windshear at the approach to the runway was received. Windshear was produced by the front just passing the aerodrome; the front was accompanied by intensive variation of wind parameters as well as by heavy rain on the aerodrome itself.
Actions of the flight crew were also affected by design features of the aircraft which limited the feasibility of applying available braking systems as well as by insufficient information in the aircraft operations manual (AOM) relating to the increase of the landing distance."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: MCAAI Warsaw
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 168 days (6 months)
Accident number: -
Download report: Final report

» Aviation Week & Space Technology 06.12.1993 (20-21)
» Der Spiegel 38/1993 (280, 281)
» Der Spiegel 40/1993 (222)
» Der Spiegel 47/1993 (99-104)
» Windshear occurrences in Europe : some annotated cases and inquiry into a windshear database (NLR TP 95374 L)


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Frankfurt International Airport to Warszawa-Okecie Airport as the crow flies is 892 km (557 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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