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Last updated: 13 June 2021
Status:Definitief
Datum:dinsdag 14 september 1993
Tijd:16:43
Type:Silhouette image of generic A320 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A320-211
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Lufthansa
Registratie: D-AIPN
Constructienummer: 105
Bouwjaar: 1990
Aantal vlieguren:7546
Aantal vluchten:6721
Motoren: 2 CFMI CFM56-5A1
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 1 / inzittenden: 6
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 1 / inzittenden: 64
Totaal:slachtoffers: 2 / inzittenden: 70
Schade: Afgeschreven
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:Warszawa-Okecie Airport (WAW) (   Polen)
Fase: Landing (LDG)
Soort vlucht:Internationale lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Frankfurt International Airport (FRA/EDDF), Duitsland
Vliegveld van aankomst:Warszawa-Okecie Airport (WAW/EPWA), Polen
Vluchtnummer:LH2904
Beschrijving:
The aircraft was cleared for a Warsaw runway 11 approach and were told of the existence of windshear on the approach.
The Airbus' right gear touched down 770 m from the runway 11 threshold. The left gear touched down 9 seconds later, 1525 m from the threshold. Only when the left gear touched the runway, automatic systems depending on oleo strut (shock absorber) compression unlocked the use of ground spoilers and engine thrust reversers. The wheel brakes, depending on wheel rotation being equivalent of circumfential speed of 72 knots began to operate after about 4 seconds. Seeing the approaching end of the runway and the obstacle behind it, the pilot steered the aircraft off the runway to the right. The aircraft left the runway at a speed of 72 knots and rolled 90 m before it hit the embankment and an LLZ aerial with the left wing. A fire started in the left wing area and penetrated into the passenger cabin.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Cause of the accident were incorrect decisions and actions of the flight crew taken in situation when the information about windshear at the approach to the runway was received. Windshear was produced by the front just passing the aerodrome; the front was accompanied by intensive variation of wind parameters as well as by heavy rain on the aerodrome itself.
Actions of the flight crew were also affected by design features of the aircraft which limited the feasibility of applying available braking systems as well as by insufficient information in the aircraft operations manual (AOM) relating to the increase of the landing distance."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: MCAAI Warsaw
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 168 days (6 months)
Accident number: -
Download report: Final report

Bronnen:
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 06.12.1993 (20-21)
» Der Spiegel 38/1993 (280, 281)
» Der Spiegel 40/1993 (222)
» Der Spiegel 47/1993 (99-104)
» Windshear occurrences in Europe : some annotated cases and inquiry into a windshear database (NLR TP 95374 L)


Foto's

photo of Airbus-A320-211-D-AIPN
accident date: 14-09-1993
type: Airbus A320-211
registration: D-AIPN
photo of Airbus-A320-211-D-AIPN
accident date: 14-09-1993
type: Airbus A320-211
registration: D-AIPN
photo of Airbus-A320-211-D-AIPN
accident date: 14-09-1993
type: Airbus A320-211
registration: D-AIPN
photo of Airbus-A320-211-D-AIPN
accident date: 14-09-1993
type: Airbus A320-211
registration: D-AIPN
photo of Airbus-A320-211-D-AIPN
accident date: 14-09-1993
type: Airbus A320-211
registration: D-AIPN
photo of Airbus-A320-211-D-AIPN
accident date: 14-09-1993
type: Airbus A320-211
registration: D-AIPN
photo of Airbus-A320-211-D-AIPN
accident date: 14-09-1993
type: Airbus A320-211
registration: D-AIPN
 

Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Frankfurt International Airport en Warszawa-Okecie Airport bedraagt 892 km (557 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Airbus A320

  • 4751+ built
  • 4e ongeval
  • 4e dodelijk ongeval
  • 4e zwaarste ongeval (toen het plaatsvond)
  • 13e zwaarste ongeval (op dit moment)
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 Polen
  • 16e zwaarste ongeval (toen het plaatsvond)
  • 18e zwaarste ongeval (op dit moment)
» safety profile