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Last updated: 22 April 2019
Datum:Samstag 20 November 1993
Zeit:ca 23:30
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic YK42 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Jakowlew Yak-42D
Betrieben durch:Avioimpex
Gemietet von :Saravia - Saratov Airlines
Kennzeichen: RA-42390
Werknummer: 4520424016557
Baujahr: 1991
Triebwerk: 3 Lotarev D-36
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 8 / Insassen: 8
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 108 / Insassen: 108
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 116 / Insassen: 116
Sachschaden: Zerstört
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:2 km (1.3 Meilen) E of Ohrid Airport (OHD) (   Nordmazedonien)
Flugphase: Annäherung (APR)
Betriebsart:Internationaler Linienflug
Flug von:Genève-Cointrin Airport (GVA/LSGG), Schweiz
Flug nach:Skopje Airport (SKP/LWSK), Nordmazedonien
Avioimpex flight 110, a Yakovlev Yak-42D passenger plane, was destroyed in an accident near Ohrid, North Macedonia. All 108 passengers and eight crew members were killed. One passenger initially survived the accident, but died on December 2, 1993.
The aircraft operated a scheduled flight from Genève-Cointrin Airport (GVA), Switzerland to Skopje Airport (SKP), Macedonia. Because of heavy snowfall at Skopje, the flight diverted to Ohrid.
The first approach to runway 02 at Ohrid was abandoned and a missed approach procedure was executed. The airplane was manoeuvring for another approach when it flew into the side of Mount Trojani at an elevation of 4900 feet, which is about 2600 feet above airfield elevation. The GPWS sounded during seven seconds prior to the impact.
At the time of the accident the VOR beacon at Ohrid was not working. Macedonian investigators said this was a factor in the accident. The crew did not follow the airport traffic pattern and continued with the approach even though they were unaware of their exact position.
Russian prosecutors however claimed that there was a misunderstanding because air traffic controller spoke Macedonian while the crew used Russian and English in their transmissions.

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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Genève-Cointrin Airport to Skopje Airport as the crow flies is 1315 km (822 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Yakovlev Yak-42

  • 182 built
  • 5th loss
  • 4th Fataler Unfall
  • 2nd worst accident
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