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Last updated: 18 June 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:jeudi 27 avril 1995
Heure:23:16
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic MD83 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-83 (MD-83)
Compagnie:Airtours International
Immatriculation: G-DEVR
Numéro de série: 49941/1793
Année de Fabrication: 1990
Heures de vol:18236
Cycles:6386
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-219
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 7
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 171
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 178
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:Manchester International Airport (MAN) (   Royaume Uni)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Charter International
Aéroport de départ:Las Palmas-Airport de Gran Canaria (LPA/GCLP), Espagne
Aéroport de destination:Manchester International Airport (MAN/EGCC), Royaume Uni
Numéro de vol: 418
Détails:
The aircraft landed at Manchester at 23:16 and the commander took control from the first officer during the latter part of the landing roll. As he applied increased pressure to the brakes there was a loud bang and the left wing dropped as the left main landing gear collapsed. The aircraft came quickly to a halt and the commander decided to disembark the passengers via the front passenger entrance door and stairs. The cabin supervisor experienced a problem with the stairs and, after a discussion with the commander, the passengers were evacuated via the front and rear service doors using the escape slides. An orderly evacuation ensued with only minor injuries being sustained; all passengers had left the aircraft by 23:26.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "(1) The left MLG outer cylinder failed on the application of bending loads resulting from normal braking due to the presence of a fatigue crack, 5 mm long by 1.25 mm deep, located on the front face of the cylinder, close to a change in section, where bending stresses were maximum.; (2) The fatigue origin was associated with surface features produced by the gritblasting used to prepare the steel surface for high current density cadmium plating.; (3) Loads not predicted during the MLG design were encountered early in the aircraft's life when 'gear walking', a MLG foreandaft vibration mode, was encountered. As a result fatigue initiated and propagated through the immediate compressive subsurface layer produced by shotpeening and designed to improve fatigue resistance."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 9 months
Accident number: AAIB AAR 1/1997
Download report: Final report


Opérations de secours

AAIB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

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Photos

photo of MD-83-G-DEVR
accident date: 27-04-1995
type: McDonnell Douglas MD-83
registration: G-DEVR
 

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Las Palmas-Airport de Gran Canaria et Manchester International Airport est de 3005 km (1878 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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