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Last updated: 18 June 2021
Status:Definitief
Datum:donderdag 27 april 1995
Tijd:23:16
Type:Silhouette image of generic MD83 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-83 (MD-83)
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Airtours International
Registratie: G-DEVR
Constructienummer: 49941/1793
Bouwjaar: 1990
Aantal vlieguren:18236
Aantal vluchten:6386
Motoren: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-219
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 7
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 171
Totaal:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 178
Schade: Groot
Gevolgen: Repaired
Plaats:Manchester International Airport (MAN) (   Verenigd Koninkrijk)
Fase: Landing (LDG)
Soort vlucht:Internationale charter
Vliegveld van vertrek:Las Palmas-Airport de Gran Canaria (LPA/GCLP), Spanje
Vliegveld van aankomst:Manchester International Airport (MAN/EGCC), Verenigd Koninkrijk
Vluchtnummer: 418
Beschrijving:
The aircraft landed at Manchester at 23:16 and the commander took control from the first officer during the latter part of the landing roll. As he applied increased pressure to the brakes there was a loud bang and the left wing dropped as the left main landing gear collapsed. The aircraft came quickly to a halt and the commander decided to disembark the passengers via the front passenger entrance door and stairs. The cabin supervisor experienced a problem with the stairs and, after a discussion with the commander, the passengers were evacuated via the front and rear service doors using the escape slides. An orderly evacuation ensued with only minor injuries being sustained; all passengers had left the aircraft by 23:26.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "(1) The left MLG outer cylinder failed on the application of bending loads resulting from normal braking due to the presence of a fatigue crack, 5 mm long by 1.25 mm deep, located on the front face of the cylinder, close to a change in section, where bending stresses were maximum.; (2) The fatigue origin was associated with surface features produced by the gritblasting used to prepare the steel surface for high current density cadmium plating.; (3) Loads not predicted during the MLG design were encountered early in the aircraft's life when 'gear walking', a MLG foreandaft vibration mode, was encountered. As a result fatigue initiated and propagated through the immediate compressive subsurface layer produced by shotpeening and designed to improve fatigue resistance."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 9 months
Accident number: AAIB AAR 1/1997
Download report: Final report


Veiligheidsmaatregelen

AAIB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

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Foto's

photo of MD-83-G-DEVR
accident date: 27-04-1995
type: McDonnell Douglas MD-83
registration: G-DEVR
 

Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Las Palmas-Airport de Gran Canaria en Manchester International Airport bedraagt 3005 km (1878 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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