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Last updated: 18 November 2019
Estado:Final
Fecha:lunes 21 agosto 1995
Hora:12:53
Tipo:Silhouette image of generic E120 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Embraer EMB-120ER Brasilia
Operated by:Atlantic Southeast Airlines - ASA
On behalf of:Delta Connection
Registración: N256AS
Numéro de série: 120122
Año de Construcción: 1989
Horas Totales de la Célula:17151
Ciclos:18171
Motores: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW118
Tripulación:Fatalidades: 1 / Ocupantes: 3
Pasajeros:Fatalidades: 7 / Ocupantes: 26
Total:Fatalidades: 8 / Ocupantes: 29
Daños en la Aeronave: Destruido
Consecuencias: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Ubicación:13 km (8.1 milles) W of Carrollton, GA (   Estados Unidos de América)
Fase: En ruta (ENR)
Naturaleza:Vuelo Doméstico Programado
Aeropuerto de Salida:Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA (ATL/KATL), Estados Unidos de América
Aeropuerto de Llegada:Gulfport-Biloxi Regional Airport, MS (GPT/KGPT), Estados Unidos de América
Número de Vuelo: 529
Descripción:
ASA Flight 529 left Atlanta (ATL) at 12:23 for a 1 hour and 26 minute flight to Gulfport (GPT). At 12:42 the flight was cleared to climb to FL240.
When climbing through FL181, at a speed of 160 knots, the no. 1 engine torque fell from 63% to 0% and a loud thud was heard. The Brasilia rolled left, pitched down and started to descend. With a loud bang, one of the four blades (Hamilton Standard 14RF-9) had separated. The prop couldn't be feathered and an emergency was declared. The aircraft descended at a rate of 1000-2000 ft/min. The Brasilia appeared to be too difficult to control to reach Atlanta. ATC provided flight 529 with vectors to West Georgia Regional Airport. At 12:53 the airspeed steadily decreased from 168 knots to 120 knots IAS. One minute later, the aircraft contacted trees in a 20 degree nose-down attitude and an increasing left-wing-down attitude of 15-40deg. The Embraer flew another 360 feet before crashing into a field.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The in-flight fatigue fracture and separation of a propeller blade resulting in distortion of the left engine nacelle, causing excessive drag, loss of wing lift, and reduced directional control of the airplane. The fracture was caused by a fatigue crack from multiple corrosion pits that were not discovered by Hamilton Standard because of inadequate and ineffective corporate inspection and repair techniques, training, documentation and communication.
Contributing to the accident was Hamilton Standard's and FAA's failure to require recurrent on-wing ultrasonic inspections for the affected propellers. Contributing to the severity of the accident was the overcast cloud ceiling at the accident site."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 3 months
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-96-06
Download report: Final report

Fuentes:
» NTSB/AAR-96/06


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NTSB issued 13 Safety Recommendations

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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA to Gulfport-Biloxi Regional Airport, MS as the crow flies is 563 km (352 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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