ASN Aircraft accident Fokker 50 9M-MGH Tawau Airport (TWU)
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Date:Friday 15 September 1995
Type:Silhouette image of generic F50 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fokker 50
Operator:Malaysia Airlines
Registration: 9M-MGH
MSN: 20174
First flight: 1990
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 32 / Occupants: 49
Total:Fatalities: 34 / Occupants: 53
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Tawau Airport (TWU) (   Malaysia)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Kota Kinabalu Airport (BKI/WBKK), Malaysia
Destination airport:Tawau Airport (TWU/WBKW), Malaysia
Flight MH2133 (Kota Kinabalu - Tawau) approached runway 17 but touched down 500 m before the end of the 2200 m long runway. While attempting to carry out a go-around, the aircraft crashed into a shantytown. On March 20, 1995 a Cessna Caravan had also crashed into houses following a failed takeoff.

Probable Cause:

According to the investigation report, the accident was probably caused by the pilot's poor in-flight decision-making and failure to follow standard operating procedures. The report also pointed out the failure of the co-pilot to alert the captain of unsafe manoeuvres or take over control of the aircraft. Another contributing factor was the failure of the air traffic controller to provide positive air traffic services in controlled airspace.

» Air Safety Week 25.09.1995 (p. 1)
» Airnieuws 311 (p. 18)
» International Herald Tribune 17.09.1995
» Scramble 197(68)
» The Star, 22 May 1998

Follow-up / safety actions
The following recommendations were issued following the accident:
1. Air services operators must stress to their pilots the importance of making correct and timely decisions and pilots must undergo regular flight checks and surveillances.
2. The operators and regulatory agencies must ensure that their pilots perform approved procedures as stipulated in their manuals for safety reasons.
3. CRM courses should be made mandatory instead of pilots merely being asked to attend safety awareness programmes.
4. Air traffic controllers must be provided with positive control in controlled air space especially in the climbing and descending separation limits.
5. High risk areas around aerodromes should not be developed into residential or places of high population density.
6. The Government must ensure that aviation regulatory agencies are provided with personnel with experience and knowledge to perform technical aviation surveillance on operators.


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Kota Kinabalu Airport to Tawau Airport as the crow flies is 290 km (182 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Fokker 50

  • 213 built
  • The first loss
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