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Last updated: 26 February 2020
Status:
Date:Thursday 30 November 1995
Time:19:10
Type:Silhouette image of generic B703 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 707-323C
Operator:Azerbaijan Airlines
Registration: 4K-401
C/n / msn: 19584/663
First flight: 1967
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3B (HK)
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 6
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:9 km (5.6 mls) from Baku Airport (BAK) (   Azerbaijan)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:Urumqi Airport (URC/ZWWW), China
Destination airport:Baku-Bina International Airport (BAK/UBBB), Azerbaijan
Narrative:
After takeoff from Urumqi, China, the left main lading gear failed to retract. The crew decided to continue the flight to their home base at Baku, Azerbaijan.
After a low pass along Baku's runway the aircraft turned to the left to return to the airport. Shortly afterwards engine power was lost as a result of fuel shortage. The plane struck light stanchions on a road bridge and crashed in a field.

Probable Cause:

Factors:
1) A malfunction of the landing gear retraction system, which led to flight with a landing gear extended and excessive fuel consumption. The subsequent failure to lock the left landing gear in the extended position made it necessary to do a second approach with a limited amount of fuel.
2) The fuel gauge indicator readings were inaccurate and prevented the crew from having correct info on the amount of fuel available and applying the flight manual's recommendations for low-fuel flights.
3) The lack of an airline bulletin on the features of the fuel system prevented the crew in the emergency situation from selecting the optimum mode for flying with a limited amount of fuel.
4) Inadequate operational and maintenance organization on the part of the companies Baku Air and ALG Inc.

Sources:
» Flight International 13-19 December 1995 (9)
» ICAO Adrep Summary 2/96 (#3)
» Scramble 200(40)


Photos

photo of Boeing-707-323C-4K-401
accident date: 30-11-1995
type: Boeing 707-323C
registration: 4K-401
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Urumqi Airport to Baku-Bina International Airport as the crow flies is 3059 km (1912 miles).
Accident location: Global; accuracy within tens or hundreds of kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Boeing 707

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  • 140th loss
  • 69th fatal accident
  • 63rd worst accident (at the time)
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 Azerbaijan
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  • 14th worst accident (currently)
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