ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737-222 OB-1451 Arequipa-Rodriguez Ballon Airport (AQP)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Thursday 29 February 1996
Type:Silhouette image of generic B732 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-222
Operator:Faucett Perú
Registration: OB-1451
MSN: 19072/86
First flight: 1968-10-21 (27 years 5 months)
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-9A
Crew:Fatalities: 6 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 117 / Occupants: 117
Total:Fatalities: 123 / Occupants: 123
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:6,3 km (3.9 mls) W of Arequipa-Rodriguez Ballon Airport (AQP) (   Peru)
Crash site elevation: 2441 m (8009 feet) amsl
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Lima-Jorge Chávez International Airport (LIM/SPIM), Peru
Destination airport:Arequipa-Rodríguez Ballón Airport (AQP/SPQU), Peru
Faucett flight 251, a Boeing 737-222, took off from Lima, Peru at 19:10 for a domestic flight to Arequipa and Tacna. When performing a VOR/DME approach to runway 09 at Arequipa, the aircraft impacted a hillside at an altitude of 8015 feet. The main fuselage carried over the initial ridge and impacted near the top of a second ridge. The empennage fell to an arroyo between the two ridges.
It appeared that the pilot reported crossing the PADIS reporting point, located 5.7 nautical miles from the runway, at the required altitude of 9500 feet, while the aircraft was actually flying at 8644 feet. Airfield elevation is 8404 feet.

Probable Cause:

Main Cause
Crew error
01- Descending below the official minimum altitude established for the VOR instrument approach at Arequipa airport.
02- Attempting to fly in VFR visual conditions, when they were in IFR instrument conditions (fog bank), at low altitude in the final approach phase to Arequipa's runway 09.

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: DGAT Peru
Status: Investigation completed
Accident number: final report
Download report: Final report

VFR flight in IMC
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

» Aviation Week & Space Technology 11.03.96(33)
» Flight International 24--30 April 1996 (12)
» Volkskrant 02.03.96(4)


photo of Boeing-737-222-
View from accident location to runway 09 at Arequipa
photo of Boeing-737-222-N459AC
accident date: 29-02-1996
type: Boeing 737-222
registration: N459AC

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Lima-Jorge Chávez International Airport to Arequipa-Rodríguez Ballón Airport as the crow flies is 762 km (477 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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