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Last updated: 15 August 2020
Date:vendredi 8 mars 1996
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B763 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 767-375ER
Compagnie:Canadian Airlines International
Immatriculation: C-FOCA
Numéro de série: 24575/311
Année de Fabrication: 1990-05-31 (5 years 9 months)
Heures de vol:25213
Moteurs: 2 General Electric CF6-80C2B6F
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 9
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 91
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 100
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:Halifax International Airport, NS (YHZ) (   Canada)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Charter International
Aéroport de départ:Toronto-Pearson International Airport, ON (YYZ/CYYZ), Canada
Aéroport de destination:Halifax International Airport, NS (YHZ/CYHZ), Canada
Numéro de vol:48
The crew had flown the backcourse approach to runway 06 at Halifax International Airport, establishing visual reference at limits. There was a 300 ft overcast, 1-1/2 mile visibility in light freezing drizzle and fog, winds from 110 degrees at 6 kt. During the touchdown a tail strike occurred causing considerable damage to the belly and tail skid. The manufacturer reports that this is the first confirmed case of significant damage to this type as the result of a tail strike. The CofG was near the forward limit.

Probable Cause:

The tail strike occurred because the crew responded to a visual illusion with an unwarranted power reduction between the minimum descent altitude and touchdown. The upslope illusion led both crew members to believe the aircraft was higher than it actually was, and the crew did not respond to visual cues from the precision approach path indicator, which showed the aircraft to be too low. Contributing to the accident were the captain's preoccupation with stopping on the slippery runway, and some loss of aircraft performance below 400 feet agl. Also contributing were the lateral navigation/vertical navigation procedures in use, and a higher than normal aircraft body angle, which was induced by a lower than normal approach speed and the aircraft's
forward centre of gravity.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: TSB Canada
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 9 months
Accident number: A96A0035
Download report: Final report


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Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Toronto-Pearson International Airport, ON et Halifax International Airport, NS est de 1279 km (800 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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