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Last updated: 6 March 2021
Status:Definitief
Datum:woensdag 25 september 1996
Tijd:16:37
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas DC-3C
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Dutch Dakota Association
Registratie: PH-DDA
Constructienummer: 19109
Bouwjaar: 1943
Aantal vlieguren:38388
Motoren: 2 Pratt & Whitney R-1830-92
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 6 / inzittenden: 6
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 26 / inzittenden: 26
Totaal:slachtoffers: 32 / inzittenden: 32
Schade: Vernield
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:8 km (5 mijl) N van Den Oever (   Nederland)
Fase: Kruisvlucht (ENR)
Soort vlucht:Binnenlandse charter
Vliegveld van vertrek:Texel Airfield (EHTX), Nederland
Vliegveld van aankomst:Amsterdam-Schiphol International Airport (AMS/EHAM), Nederland
Beschrijving:
The DC-3 took off from the island of Texel at 16:28 for a return trip to Amsterdam. Engine problems were reported at 16:33 to Texel Radio. The crew switched over to NAS De Kooy Approach and told De Kooy they wanted to make an emergency landing. At that time they were flying at 600 feet, 11nm NE of NAS De Kooy. The crew tried to feather the no. 1 prop, but part of the feathering-mechanism failed. The prop started windmilling, causing drag.
The aircraft descended and control was lost at 180 m when the speed had dropped below minimum control speed. The DC-3 crashed onto a mud-flat.
The aircraft had been overloaded by 240 kg (maximum 11895 kg), but this wouldn't have had any negative effects on the controllability of the aircraft.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSES: "The accident was initiated by a combined failure of the left engine and the left feathering system. The accident became inevitable when the flight crew allowed the speed to decrease below stall speed and lost control of the aircraft at an altitude from which recovery was not possible.
Contributing Factors were: 1) serious degradation of controllability and performance.; 2) a high work load imposed on the flight crew by the multiple failure, further increased by unfavorable flight conditions and a suboptimal cockpit lay-out.; 3) the inadequate level of skill and experience of the flight crew on the DC-3 to be able to cope with this specific emergency situation."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: Raad vd Luchtvaart
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 3 months
Accident number: 96-71/A-16
Download report: Final report


Veiligheidsmaatregelen

RvdL issued 5 Safety Recommendations

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Foto's

photo of Douglas-DC-3C-PH-DDA
accident date: 25-09-1996
type: Douglas DC-3C
registration: PH-DDA
photo of Douglas-DC-3C-PH-DDA
accident date: 25-09-1996
type: Douglas DC-3C
registration: PH-DDA
photo of Douglas-DC-3C-PH-DDA
accident date: 25-09-1996
type: Douglas DC-3C
registration: PH-DDA
photo of Douglas-DC-3C-PH-DDA
accident date: 25-09-1996
type: Douglas DC-3C
registration: PH-DDA
photo of Douglas-DC-3C-PH-DDA
accident date: 25-09-1996
type: Douglas DC-3C
registration: PH-DDA
photo of Douglas-DC-3C-PH-DDA
accident date: 25-09-1996
type: Douglas DC-3C
registration: PH-DDA
 

Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Texel Airfield en Amsterdam-Schiphol International Airport bedraagt 89 km (56 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Douglas DC-3

  • ca 13.000 built
  • 4531e ongeval
  • 1747e dodelijk ongeval
  • 29e zwaarste ongeval
» safety profile

 Nederland
  • 3e zwaarste ongeval
» safety profile