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Last updated: 11 August 2020
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:vendredi 26 septembre 1997
Heure:13:34
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic A30B model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A300B4-220
Compagnie:Garuda Indonesia Airways
Immatriculation: PK-GAI
Numéro de série: 214
Année de Fabrication: 1982-10-06 (15 years)
Heures de vol:27095
Cycles:16593
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT9D-59A
Equipage:victimes: 12 / à bord: 12
Passagers:victimes: 222 / à bord: 222
Total:victimes: 234 / à bord: 234
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:25 km (15.6 milles) SSW of Medan-Polonia Airport (MES) (   Indonésie)
Élévation des lieux de l'accident: 900 m (2953 feet) amsl
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (CGK/WIII), Indonésie
Aéroport de destination:Medan-Polonia Airport (MES/WIMM), Indonésie
Numéro de vol:GA152
Détails:
Garuda Indonesia Airways flight 152 from Jakarta to Medan, Indonesia, was destroyed after impacting terrain near Medan. All 234 occupants suffered fatal injuries.
The aircraft, an Airbus A300B4-220, was cleared for an ILS approach to Medan's runway 05 and was flying on a 316 degree heading on Airway 585/W12. Having descended to 3000 feet the crew were instructed to turn left, heading 240 degrees for vectoring to intercept the runway 05 ILS. The flight crew did not respond to this instruction, as the controller addressed the call to 'Merpati 152'. The instructions were repeated, this time using the correct call sign. The flight crew replied: "GIA 152 heading 235. Confirm we cleared from a (pause) mountainous area?"
At 13:28 the controller confirmed they were turning towards a mountainous area and the flight was instructed to continue on a 215 degree heading. At 13:30 ATC directed the flight to turn right heading 046 and report when established on the localizer.
Although the clearance for a right hand turn had been read back correctly, confusion on the part of the air traffic controller followed over whether GA152 was turning left or right: "152, confirm you're making turning left now?" Garuda 152 responded, as cleared, that they were turning right. The controller subsequently added to the confusion by stating: "152 OK, you continue turning left now."
This was contrary to the crew's expectations, so they enquired: "A (pause) confirm turning left? We are starting turning right now." The controller, possibly realising his error, replied: "OK (pause). OK..... GIA 152 continue turn right heading 015."
Ten seconds later, the Airbus impacted a wooded area, broke up and burst into flames. The wreckage covered a 150x75 m area near the village of Pancur Batu, which is located at 900-1000 meters amsl.
The region was affected by smog from forest fires; visibility was reported to be 600-800 meters.

Probable Cause:

Probable Cause: "There was confusion regarding turning direction of left turn instead of right turn at critical position during radar vectoring that reduced the flight crew’s vertical awareness while they were concentrating on the aircraft’s lateral changes. These caused the aircraft to continue descending below the assigned altitude of 2000 ft and hit treetops at 1550 ft above mean sea level."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSC Indonesia
Status: Investigation completed
Accident number: KNKT/97.29/04.06.016
Download report: Final report

Sources:
» ATC Transcript GA152
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 06 October 1997 (40-41)
» Flight International 8-14 October 1997 (10)


Opérations de secours

NTSC issued 14 Safety Recommendations

Show all...

Photos

photo of Airbus-A300B4-220-PK-GAI
accident date: 26-09-1997
type: Airbus A300B4-220
registration: PK-GAI
photo of Airbus-A300B4-220-PK-GAI
accident date: 26-09-1997
type: Airbus A300B4-220
registration: PK-GAI
photo of Airbus-A300B4-220-PK-GAI
photo of Airbus-A300B4-220-PK-GAI
photo of Airbus-A300B4-220-PK-GAI
photo of Airbus-A300B4-220-PK-GAI
accident date: 26-09-1997
type: Airbus A300B4-220
registration: PK-GAI
 

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta International Airport et Medan-Polonia Airport est de 1389 km (868 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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Airbus A300

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  • 16ème loss
  • 6ème accident fatal
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 Indonésie
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  • le accident The le plus grave (en ce moment)
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