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Last updated: 8 December 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:vendredi 25 septembre 1998
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B461 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
British Aerospace BAe-146-100
Compagnie:Paukn Air
Immatriculation: EC-GEO
Numéro de série: E1007
Année de Fabrication: 1983-06-02 (15 years 4 months)
Moteurs: 4 Lycoming ALF502R-3A
Equipage:victimes: 4 / à bord: 4
Passagers:victimes: 34 / à bord: 34
Total:victimes: 38 / à bord: 38
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:15,3 km (9.6 milles) N of Melilla Airport (MLN) (   Maroc)
Élévation des lieux de l'accident: 270 m (886 feet) amsl
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Málaga Airport (AGP/LEMG), Espagne
Aéroport de destination:Melilla Airport (MLN/GEML), Espagne
Numéro de vol:4101
Paukn Air Flight 4101, a BAe-146 jet, took off from Malaga, Spain, at 07:25 hours local time for a flight across the Mediterranean Sea to the Spanish enclave Melilla on the Moroccan coast. Flight 4101 climbed to the cruising altitude of FL140. The copilot contacted ATC at Sevilla and received clearance to descend to FL70. Two minutes later the flight was further cleared to 5000 feet and the crew were instructed to contact Melilla Tower. The copilot reported to the Melilla Tower controller that they were 30 nm from the airport, descending to 5000 feet.
Melilla Tower then reported that runway 33 was in use and reported wind at 270 degrees at 5 knots, visibility 8 km with few clouds at 1000 feet. At 06:45 the copilot reported that they were at 22nm at an altitude of 3000 feet. By now they had descended below the MSA of 4000 feet. The descent was continued and the airplane crossed the coast line at about 1100 feet. In IMC conditions the flight descended over mountainous terrain. At 07:49:52 the GPWS alarm sounded "terrain, terrain". Dangerously close to terrain, at about 890 feet, the GPWS alarm sounded again "Whoop, whoop, Pull Up, Whoop, whoop, Pull Up". The airplane struck terrain at an elevation of 886 feet and broke up.

Probable Cause:

CONCLUSION: "Given the facts and analysis conducted, the Commission concluded that the accident was caused by a collision with terrain in IMC. This confirms the hypothesis put forward by members of the committee of investigation from the beginning of their investigations, it is a type of CFIT accident (collision with the ground without loss of control) due to a combination of several factors:
- Non-application of the arrival procedure, including descending below the minimum safe altitude;
- Inadequate crew coordination;
- Non-application of company procedures regarding GPWS alarm. "

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: 
Status: Investigation completed
Accident number: final report
Download report: Final report

» ICAO Adrep Summary 6/98 (#20)

Opérations de secours
Pauknair decided not to resume operations, which were suspended following the crash of one of their two BAe 146-100s near Melilla on 25 September 1998, and the departure of their second aircraft for heavy maintenance soon thereafter.


photo of BAe-146-100-EC-GEO
flight track to Melilla
photo of BAe-146-100-EC-GEO
accident date: 25-09-1998
type: BAe-146-100
registration: EC-GEO

Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Málaga Airport et Melilla Airport est de 207 km (129 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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