Vliegtuigongeval op 15 APR 1999 met McDonnell Douglas MD-11F HL7373 - Shanghai-Hongqiao Airport (SHA)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Datum:donderdag 15 april 1999
Type:Silhouette image of generic MD11 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas MD-11F
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Korean Air
Registratie: HL7373
Constructienummer: 48409/490
Bouwjaar: 1992
Aantal vlieguren:28347
Aantal vluchten:4463
Motoren: 3 Pratt & Whitney PW4462
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 3 / inzittenden: 3
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 0
Totaal:slachtoffers: 3 / inzittenden: 3
Slachtoffers op de grond:slachtoffers: 5
Schade: Vernield
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:10 km (6.3 mijl) SW of Shanghai-Hongqiao Airport (SHA) (   China)
Fase: Kruisvlucht (ENR)
Soort vlucht:Vracht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Shanghai-Hongqiao Airport (SHA/ZSSS), China
Vliegveld van aankomst:Seoul-Gimpo (Kimpo) International Airport (SEL/RKSS), Zuid-Korea
The MD-11F cargo plane, HL7373, was operating flight KE6316 from Shanghai's Honqiao Airport, China to Seoul, South Korea. The plane was loaded with 68 tons of cargo and pushed back from its stand. Shanghai Tower then cleared the flight as follows: "Korean Air six three one six clear to destination flight planned route flight level two niner zero. After departure turn left direct to November Hotel Whiskey. Initially climb and maintain niner hundred meters. Departure frequency one one niner zero five. Squawk six three one six." The engines were started and the airplane taxied to runway 18. Shortly after 16:00 hours the flight was cleared for takeoff. After takeoff the first officer contacted Shanghai Departure and received clearance to climb to 1500 metres (4900 feet): "Korean Air six three one six now turn left direct to November Hotel Whiskey climb and maintain one thousand five hundred meters."
When the aircraft climbed to 4500 feet in the corridor, the captain, after receiving two wrong affirmative answers from the first officer that the required altitude should be 1500 feet, thought that the aircraft was 3000 feet too high. The captain then pushed the control column abruptly and roughly forward causing the MD-11 to enter a rapid descent. Both crew members tried to recover from the dive, but were unable. The airplane crashed into an industrial development zone 10 kilometers (6 miles) southwest of Hongqiao airport. The plane impacted the ground, destroying several houses.

Probable Cause:

Probable Cause: The joint investigative team determines that the probable cause of the Korean Air flight KE 6316 accident was the flight crew's loss of altitude situational awareness resulting from altitude clearance wrongly relayed by the first officer and the crew's overreaction with abrupt flight control inputs.

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: MAK
Status: Investigation completed
Accident number: Final report
Download report: Final report

» ICAO Adrep Summary 3/2001 (#35)

The South Korean Ministry of Construction and Transportation announced its decision to abolish Korean Air's license to operate its Seoul-Shanghai cargo route if Korean Air fails to defend itself at a hearing on June 19, 2001.

CAAC issued 6 Safety Recommendations

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photo of MD-11F-HL7373
accident date: 15-04-1999
type: McDonnell Douglas MD-11F
registration: HL7373
photo of MD-11F-HL7373
accident date: 15-04-1999
type: McDonnell Douglas MD-11F
registration: HL7373

Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Shanghai-Hongqiao Airport en Seoul-Gimpo (Kimpo) International Airport bedraagt 860 km (538 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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