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Last updated: 26 May 2019
Status:Final
Date:Thursday 15 July 1999
Time:17:20
Type:Silhouette image of generic A306 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A300B4-605R
Operator:American Airlines
Registration: N80057
C/n / msn: 465
First flight:
Total airframe hrs:30610
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 10
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 180
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 190
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK) (   United States of America)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Port-au-Prince-Mais Gate Airport (PAP/MTPP), Haiti
Destination airport:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK/KJFK), United States of America
Flightnumber:AA670
Narrative:
An Airbus A300-600ER, N80057, operated by American Airlines as flight 670, was substantially damaged while landing at New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport. There were no injuries to 190 occupants. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight that had departed from Port-au-Prince International Airport (MTPP), Haiti, about 12:09.
The left seat pilot (captain trainee) was recently upgraded to captain, was receiving his initial operating experience (IOE), and was the operating pilot. The right seat pilot was a check airman and the pilot-in-command (PIC). He was also administering the IOE, and was serving as first officer.
The captain trainee reported the landing was conducted on runway 13L. The winds were from 190 at 15 knots, and the flaps were set at 40 degrees prior to touchdown. On final approach, about 30-50 feet above ground level (AGL), he straightened out the crab and then reduced the throttles. The airplane touched down, and bounced into the air. While airborne, he applied light back pressure to the control yoke to stabilize the airplane. At the same time the spoilers extended. The pitch increased by about 2.5-3 degrees and then the plane touched down again, with the tail striking the runway.
Post flight examination of the airplane by American Airlines revealed that the fuselage was damaged between frames 68 and 80, and stringers 51 on the left and right sides of the fuselage. Internal structure elements were bent, twisted, and broken. Several areas of fuselage skin, which covered the area, were also damaged.

Probable Cause:

Improper use of the flight controls by the captain trainee, and inadequate supervision by the check airman.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 11 months
Accident number: NYC99LA177
Download report: Summary report

Classification:

Tailstrike


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Port-au-Prince-Mais Gate Airport to New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY as the crow flies is 2443 km (1527 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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