ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-9-51 N649HA Kauai Island/Lihue Airport, HI (LIH)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Wednesday 14 June 2000
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC95 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-51
Operator:Hawaiian Airlines
Registration: N649HA
MSN: 47715/825
First flight: 1976
Total airframe hrs:43780
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-17
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 5
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 134
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 139
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:Kauai Island/Lihue Airport, HI (LIH) (   United States of America)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Honolulu International Airport, HI (HNL/PHNL), United States of America
Destination airport:Kauai Island/Lihue Airport, HI (LIH/PHLI), United States of America
A McDonnell Douglas DC-9-51, N649HA, operated by Hawaiian Airlines as flight number 193, made a hard landing, striking its tail, on runway 35 at the Lihue Airport, Hawaii, USA. The airplane was substantially damaged. Two passengers received minor injuries.
On the accident flight the first officer was at the controls. The flight departed from Honolulu about 40 minutes behind schedule. Approaching the airport, the captain received an air traffic control clearance to perform a VOR/DME runway 35 instrument approach. At 17:04:31, the crew reported having the field in sight, and at 17:05:48, the airplane was cleared to land.
The final approach segment was commenced with stabilized engine thrust and with a stabilized rate of descent.
The approach terminated in a higher-than-normal deck angle, and an abnormally high rate of sink from 50 feet above ground level to touchdown. The resulting hard landing caused portions of the aft fuselage to come in contact with the runway.
The captain felt that the landing was firmer than routine but he did not consider it to have been a "hard landing." A flight attendant was "alarmed by the loud sound of metal impacting the ground." Several oxygen compartments opened resulting in oxygen masks hanging from the ceiling. The flight attendant then disembarked from the tailcone stairway exit. Upon looking at the outside airplane structure, the attendant "noticed the safety skid plate device (was) badly scraped and around the panel, liquid (was) dripping."
In preparation for their next flight, the captain performed a walk around visual inspection of the airplane. The captain reported that the "tail bumper compression indicator was safety wired and in its normal position." Thereafter, passengers boarded the airplane and they flew to Honolulu. There the aircraft was inspected by maintenance

Probable Cause:

The first officer's delayed and misjudged landing flare resulting in a tail strike and hard landing. Contributing factors were his relative inexperience flying the type of airplane, and the captain's and the first officer's failure to adhere to required company procedures and Federal Aviation Regulations.

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 3 years
Accident number: LAX00FA229
Download report: Final report

Heavy landing
Runway mishap


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Honolulu International Airport, HI to Kauai Island/Lihue Airport, HI as the crow flies is 162 km (102 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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