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Last updated: 15 June 2021
Date:Tuesday 19 December 2000
Type:Silhouette image of generic AN2 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Antonov An-2
Registration: SP-FLU
MSN: 1G237-33
First flight: 1995
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 1
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Anápolis Airport, GO (APS) (   Brazil)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Departure airport:Canarana Airport, MT (CQA/SWEK), Brazil
Destination airport:Anápolis Airport, GO (APS/SWNS), Brazil
The aircraft touched down on runway 07 at Anápolis Airport, Brazil, with a left cross wind. The pilot lost directional control of the aircraft and the An-2 suffered a runway excursion. It colliding with a protuberance on the ground, after overcoming a small ravine. There was serious damage to the aircraft, and the pilot and two passengers suffered minor injuries.

The aircraft in question was seized in 1997. An aircraft was log book was not present and there had been no logging of maintenance tasks performed on the aircraft. At the time of the accident it was being ferried from Alta Floresta after small repairs were carried out there. It carried a Polish registration, which had already been cancelled in Poland. The owner was in the process of applying for a Brazilian certificate of registration.

Probable Cause:

Contributing Factors
a. Human Factor
(1) Physiological - Undetermined
It was not possible to determine the contribution of the physiological aspect because the pilot was not found and his license had expired.
(2) Psychological - Contributed
At the critical moment of landing, a state of indecision was triggered in the pilot regarding the procedure to be adopted (landing or going around), impairing its decision-making capacity and causing delay in decision making.
b. Operational Factor
(1) Flight Indiscipline - Contributed
The pilot met the expired CHT and CCF.
(2) Weak Application of Commands - Contributed
The pilot did not act adequately on the aircraft controls in order to counteract the action of the crosswind, allowing the aircraft to stand to the right of the approach axis and touch the right side of the runway. Subsequently, he was unable to prevent the left wings from climbing, causing the lower right wing to touch the ground and exit the runway.
(3) Deficient Judgement - Contributed
The pilot's decision not to go around immediately when he noticed the first signs of the aircraft's turning tendency, forced by the wind effect and, consequently, having lost full control of the aircraft, contributed to the worsening of the subsequent facts. The pilot acted belatedly when he decided to go around.
(4) Deficient Oversight - Contributed
The owner of the aircraft no longer verified that the technical qualification and the Certificate of Physical Capacity of the pilot were up to date for the performance of the air activity, as well as the certificates necessary for the operation of the aircraft. It also went against what prescribes the CTA certification, which establishes two pilots as the minimum crew for the aircraft.
(5) Adverse Meteorological Conditions - Contributed
The left cross wind, associated with the inadequacy of the pilot's controls to counteract it, resulted in the right wing touching the ground, with consequent loss of control of the aircraft.
(6) Other Operational Aspects - Contributed
The pilot failed to carry out a readaptation flight in the aircraft with a qualified instructor, being for more than three years without flying in the equipment.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: CENIPA
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 3 years and 4 months
Accident number: final report
Download report: Final report

Loss of control


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Canarana Airport, MT to Anápolis Airport, GO as the crow flies is 473 km (295 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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