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Last updated: 16 May 2021
Status:Definitief
Datum:zondag 14 januari 2001
Tijd:13:45
Type:Silhouette image of generic LJ60 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Learjet 60
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Ark-Air Flight Inc.
Registratie: N1DC
Constructienummer: 60-035
Bouwjaar: 1994
Aantal vlieguren:2325
Motoren: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW305A
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 2
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 0
Totaal:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 2
Schade: Vernield
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:Troy Municipal Airport, AL (TOI) (   Verenigde Staten)
Fase: Landing (LDG)
Soort vlucht:Zaken
Vliegveld van vertrek:Dallas-Love Field, TX (DAL/KDAL), Verenigde Staten
Vliegveld van aankomst:Troy Municipal Airport, AL (TOI/KTOI), Verenigde Staten
Beschrijving:
The airplane collided with two deer shortly after touchdown at Troy Municipal Airport, AL (TOI). Following the collision, the airplane continued down the runway with the tires smoking, veered off the right side of the runway near the end, crossed a taxiway, impacted into a ditch and burst into flames. After the accident, the captain and first officer both reported that the thrust reversers failed to operate after they were deployed during the landing.

Examination of the landing gear found all three gear collapsed. The right and left main tires had areas of rubber that were worn completely through. The flaps were found extended, and both thrust reversers were found in the stowed position. Examination of the cockpit found the throttles in the idle position, and the thrust reverser levers in the stowed position.

Aircraft performance calculations indicate that the airplane traveled 1,500 feet down the runway after touchdown, in 4.2 seconds, before striking the deer. The calculations also indicate that the airplane landed with a ground speed of 124 knots. At 124 knots and maximum braking applied, the airplane should have come to a complete stop in about 850 feet. However, investigation of the accident site and surrounding area revealed heavy black skid marks beginning at the first taxiway turnoff about 1,500 feet down the 5,010 foot runway. The skid marks continued for about 2,500 feet, departed the right side of the runway and proceeded an additional 500 feet over grass and dirt.

The investigation revealed that deer fur was found lodged in the squat switch on the left main landing gear, likely rendering the squat switch inoperative after the impact with the deer, and prior to the airplane’s loss of control on the runway. Since a valid signal from the squat switch is required for thrust reverser deployment, the loss of this signal forced the thrust reversers to stow. At this point, the electronic engine control (EEC) likely switched to the forward thrust schedule and engine power increased to near takeoff power, which led to the airplane to continue down the runway, and off of it.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "On ground collision with deer during landing roll, and the inadvertent thrust reverser stowage caused by the damage to the landing gear squat switch by the collision, and subsequent application of forward thrust during rollout."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 6 months
Accident number: ATL01FA021
Download report: Summary report

Bronnen:
» NTSB


Veiligheidsmaatregelen
Following the accident, the manufacturer issued an Airplane Flight Manual revision that changed the name of the "Inadvertent Stow of Thrust Reverser During Landing Rollout" abnormal procedure to "Inadvertent Stow of Thrust Reverser After a Crew-Commanded Deployment" and moved it into the emergency procedures section.

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Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Dallas-Love Field, TX en Troy Municipal Airport, AL bedraagt 1017 km (636 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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