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Last updated: 20 November 2018
Status:Schlussbericht
Datum:Mittwoch 17 September 2003
Zeit:14:47
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic JS31 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
British Aerospace 3102 Jetstream 31
Fluggesellschaft:Eastern Airways
Kennzeichen: G-EEST
Werknummer: 781
Baujahr: 1987
Betriebsstunden:17845
Anzahl Zyklen der Zelle:20730
Triebwerk: 2 Garrett TPE331-10UGR-516H
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 3
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 4
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 7
Sachschaden: Zerstört
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:Wick Airport (WIC) (   Großbritannien)
Flugphase: Landung (LDG)
Betriebsart:Inländischer planmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:Aberdeen-Dyce Airport (ABZ/EGPD), Großbritannien
Flug nach:Wick Airport (WIC/EGPC), Großbritannien
Unfallbericht:
The aircraft was landing on runway 31 at Wick Airport. It crossed the threshold at 130 kt which was 21 kt faster than the correct threshold speed. After the co-pilot closed the power levers the aircraft floated about six feet above the runway surface. The aircraft touched down and bounced before touching down a second time more heavily, cracking a wing spar and flexing the aircraft structure sufficient to allow the right propeller to contact the runway. The aircraft bounced again before touching down for the third and final time. The investigation determined that just before the first touchdown, one or both power levers were moved aft of the flight idle position. It was concluded that both the commander and co-pilot were making inputs on the flying controls from that moment onwards until after the second, heavy touchdown.

Probable Cause:

CONCLUSION: "It is reasonable to conclude that the manoeuvres conducted by G-EEST during the landing were the result of combined control inputs made by the commander and co-pilot. The evidence indicates that this period of combined control started at least 0.28 seconds before the first touchdown and finished at some stage after the second and damaging touchdown. After the first touchdown the aircraft became airborne in a high-drag, low-lift configuration which was intended for ground operation only and a 5.6g impact ensued on the second touchdown. There was no evidence of any technical fault on the aircraft that could have been a factor and the meteorological conditions were within the limitations set for the aircraft. A more complete understanding of the accident might have been possible with additional flight data parameters such as engine performance, aircraft pitch, and power lever position."



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photo of British Aerospace 3102 Jetstream 31 G-EEST
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Aberdeen-Dyce Airport to Wick Airport as the crow flies is 148 km (93 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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