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Last updated: 5 December 2019
Status:Final
Date:Saturday 29 May 2004
Time:10:13
Type:Silhouette image of generic B463 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
British Aerospace BAe-146-300
Operator:Flightline
Registration: G-BPNT
C/n / msn: E3126
First flight: 1989-03-08 (15 years 3 months)
Engines: 4 Lycoming ALF502R-5
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 6
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:Florence-Peretola Airport (FLR) (   Italy)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Ferry/positioning
Departure airport:London Southend Airport (SEN/EGMC), United Kingdom
Destination airport:Florence-Peretola Airport (FLR/LIRQ), Italy
Flightnumber:690P
Narrative:
The Flightline BAe-146-300 operated on a positioning flight from London Southend Airport, U.K. to Florence Airport, Italy.
At 10:08 hours the flight reported established on the ILS for runway 05. Three minutes later the flight was cleared to land: "Flightline 690P cleared to land 05 wind 040 14, gusting 29." At an height below 100 feet during the final approach, the aircraft was caught by windshear. The flight crew initiated a missed approach procedure during which the tail of the aircraft struck the runway. The aircraft circled and landed safely at 10:31 hours.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE (translated from Italian): A probable and sudden variability in wind direction and intensity (wind shear phenomenon), which occurred below 100 feet, resulteded in a reduction in aircraft speed, which was only partially compensated by the crew. This was followed by a missed approach procedure, during which the rear part of the aircraft impacted the runway, causing damage to the structure of the fuselage. A contributing factor was that the approach was made below the intended path and a late execution of the missed approach manoeuvre.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: ANSV
Status: Investigation completed
Accident number: final report
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Windshear/downdraft
Tailstrike
Runway mishap

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from London Southend Airport to Florence-Peretola Airport as the crow flies is 1157 km (723 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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