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Last updated: 27 November 2021
Date:Saturday 27 November 2004
Type:Silhouette image of generic C212 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
CASA C-212 Aviocar 200
Operating for:United States Department of Defense
Leased from:Presidential Airways
Registration: N960BW
MSN: 231
First flight: 1982-01-04 (22 years 11 months)
Total airframe hrs:21489
Engines: 2 Garrett TPE331-10R-511C
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Total:Fatalities: 6 / Occupants: 6
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:148 km (92.5 mls) W of Bagram (   Afghanistan)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Departure airport:Bagram Air Base (OAI/OAIX), Afghanistan
Destination airport:Farah Airport (FAH/OAFR), Afghanistan
The CASA 212 was contracted by the US Department of Defense to supply American forces deployed in remote areas of Afghanistan. After departure the did not follow the intended course of 170 degrees but instead flew to the northwest. The airplane entered a box canyon and struck the 14,650 foot level of Baba Mountain, which has a peak elevation of 16,739 feet. The flight was about 25 nm north of the typical route between Bagram and Farah.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The captainís inappropriate decision to fly a nonstandard route and his failure to maintain adequate terrain clearance, which resulted in the inflight collision with mountainous terrain. Factors were the operatorís failure to require its flight crews to file and to fly a defined route of flight, the operatorís failure to ensure that the flight crews adhered to company policies and FAA and DoD Federal safety regulations, and the lack of in-country oversight by the FAA and the DoD of the operator. Contributing to the death of one of the passengers was the operatorís lack of flight-locating procedures and its failure to adequately mitigate the limited communications capability at remote sites."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years
Accident number: NTSB/AAB-06/07
Download report: Final report

Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

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Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 6 Safety Recommendations

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photo of CASA-C-212-Aviocar-200-N203FN
accident date: 27-11-2004
type: CASA C-212 Aviocar 200
registration: N203FN

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Bagram Air Base to Farah Airport as the crow flies is 711 km (444 miles).
Accident location: Global; accuracy within tens or hundreds of kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Networkís opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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