ASN Aircraft accident Canadair CL-600-1A11 Challenger 600 N370V Teterboro Airport, NJ (TEB)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Wednesday 2 February 2005
Type:Silhouette image of generic CL60 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Canadair CL-600-1A11 Challenger 600
Operating for:Platinum Jet Management
Leased from:DDH Aviation
Registration: N370V
MSN: 1014
First flight: 1980
Total airframe hrs:6800
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 8
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 11
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Teterboro Airport, NJ (TEB) (   United States of America)
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Departure airport:Teterboro Airport, NJ (TEB/KTEB), United States of America
Destination airport:Chicago-Midway Airport, IL (MDW/KMDW), United States of America
The Challenger corporate jet was cleared for takeoff from runway 06, a 6013 ft/1833 m asphalt runway. When takeoff speed was reached the pilot tried to lift the plane off the runway but, according to his statement the control wheel was stuck. He then aborted the takeoff, but the plane skidded off the runway. It went through the perimeter fence, crossed a highway and crashed into a building. About 15 people were injured, one critically, but nobody was killed, officials said. The injured included two people in cars along the highway. Preliminary investigation results indicate that the airplane's center of gravity (CG) was well forward of the allowable limit.
On December 16, 2003 another Challenger jet aborted takeoff at Teterboro when the flightcrew was unable to rotate the airplane. The aircraft overran the runway. In this case, the NTSB determined that the plane was above the maximum gross takeoff weight, and outside the forward center-of-gravity envelope.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of the accident was the flight crew’s failure to ensure the airplane was loaded within weight and balance limits and their attempt to take off with the center of gravity well forward of the forward takeoff limit, which prevented the airplane from rotating at the intended rotation speed.
Contributing to the accident were: 1) PJM’s conduct of charter flights (using PJM pilots and airplanes) without proper FAA certification and its failure to ensure that all for-hire flights were conducted in accordance with 14 CFR Part 135 requirements; 2) Darby Aviation’s failure to maintain operational control over 14 CFR Part 135 flights being conducted under its certificate by PJM, which resulted in an environment conducive to the development of systemic patterns of flight crew performance deficiencies like those observed in this accident; 3) the failure of the Birmingham, Alabama, FAA Flight Standards District Office to provide adequate surveillance and oversight of operations conducted under Darby’s Part 135 certificate; and 4) the FAA’s tacit approval of arrangements such as that between Darby and PJM."

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 9 months
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-06/04
Download report: Final report

Centre of Gravity outside limits
Rejected takeoff
Runway excursion

» SKYbrary 
» AP

Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 7 Safety Recommendations

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photo of Canadair-Challenger-600-N370V
accident date: 02-02-2005
type: Canadair Challenger 600
registration: N370V
photo of Canadair-Challenger-600-N370V
accident date: 02-02-2005
type: Canadair Challenger 600
registration: N370V
photo of Canadair-Challenger-600-N370V
accident date: 02-02-2005
type: Canadair Challenger 600
registration: N370V

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Teterboro Airport, NJ to Chicago-Midway Airport, IL as the crow flies is 1139 km (712 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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