ASN Aircraft accident de Havilland Canada DHC-8-402Q Dash 8 LN-RDK Aalborg Airport (AAL)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Sunday 9 September 2007
Type:Silhouette image of generic DH8D model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
de Havilland Canada DHC-8-402Q Dash 8
Operator:Scandinavian Airlines System - SAS
Registration: LN-RDK
MSN: 4025
First flight: 2000
Total airframe hrs:12141
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW150A
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 69
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 73
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Aalborg Airport (AAL) (   Denmark)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:København-Kastrup Airport (CPH/EKCH), Denmark
Destination airport:Aalborg Airport (AAL/EKYT), Denmark
SAS Flight 1209 from Copenhagen (CPH) to Aalborg (AAL) was uneventful. On approach to Aalborg, the landing gear was selected down. When the landing gear extension sequence was completed, the cockpit indication for the landing gear indicated two green lights and one red light. The two green lights indicated that the left main landing gear and the nose landing gear were down and locked (safe). The red light indicated that the right main landing gear was not locked (unsafe). A go-around was initiated.
An alternate landing gear extension procedure was conducted but the cockpit indication for the right main landing gear remained unsafe.
A visual inspection of the landing gear was performed. The cabin was prepared for an emergency landing and the passengers were briefed.
The aircraft touched down on the left main landing gear, followed by the right main landing gear, and shortly thereafter the right main landing gear collapsed. The aircraft then departed the runway to the right and came to rest on the lower fuselage and right wing tip.
Investigators found that, due to severe corrosion of the threaded connection between the right MLG retraction/extension actuator piston rod and rod end, the separation of the actuator piston rod and rod end caused the malfunctioning of the right MLG. When selecting the landing gear to down position, the landing gear was released from the landing gear up-lock hook. Due to the separation of the rod end from the actuator piston, the right MLG extended in an undamped free fall condition. The kinetic energy cause the failure of the stabilizer brace link joint lugs. This failure rendered the stabilizer brace incapable of safety locking the right MLG in down position.

Probable Cause:

1. There were no specified inspection tasks for inspection of the MLG retraction/extension actuator and rod end either in the MRB’s report or in the Maintenance Requirement Manual in so far as "L", "A" and "C" checks.
2. The right and left MLG retraction/extension actuator piston and rod end were made of noble martensitic stainless steel and the less noble 4340 steel material, respectively.
3. Severe corrosion in the threaded connection between the right MLG actuator rod and rod end.
4. Separation of the right MLG retraction/extension actuator from the actuator piston rod end.
5. The right MLG stabilizer joint lugs failed.

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: HCLJ Denmark
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 4 months
Accident number: HCLJ510-000433
Download report: Final report

Landing gear collapse
Forced landing on runway

» SKYbrary 
» SAS Media release 9-9-2007

Follow-up / safety actions
The entire SAS fleet of DHC-8-400 planes was grounded as of September 12 following two similar accidents on September 9 and 12. Following an extensive inspection program and parts replacement (actuators in the main landing gear),
SAS began returning planes to service as of October 4, 2007. All aircraft were back in service on October 14, 2007.

FAA issued 1 Airworthiness Directive
TC issued 1 Airworthiness Directive

Show all...


photo of DHC-8-402-Q400-LN-RDK
accident date: 09-09-2007
type: de Havilland Canada DHC-8-402 Q400
registration: LN-RDK

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from København-Kastrup Airport to Aalborg Airport as the crow flies is 237 km (148 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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