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Last updated: 15 October 2019
Status:Final
Date:Tuesday 15 July 2008
Time:14:30 UTC
Type:Silhouette image of generic BE40 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Beechcraft Beechjet 400A
Operator:Líder Táxi Aéreo
Registration: PT-WHF
C/n / msn: RK-82
First flight: 1994
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:São José dos Campos Airport, SP (SJK) (   Brazil)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Ferry/positioning
Departure airport:São Paulo-Congonhas Airport, SP (CGH/SBSP), Brazil
Destination airport:São José dos Campos Airport, SP (SJK/SBSJ), Brazil
Narrative:
A Beechcraft Beechjet 400A, PT-WHF, sustained substantial damage in a landing accident at São José dos Campos Airport, Brazil. Both pilots were not injured.
The aircraft departed São Paulo-Congonhas Airport for a repositioning flight to São José dos Campos with the copilot under training as Pilot Flying. The captain however, was not a qualified instructor.
The aircraft was passing Decision Height during the approach to runway 15 when the captain took over control with the intention of
correcting the glide slope for landing. A loss of lift during this maneuver caused the right wing and then the right main landing gear to touch the ground before the runway. Both suffered substantial damage as the aircraft ran onto the runway.

Probable Cause:

Psychological aspects:
a) Improvisation - contributed
The captain demonstrated improvisation in the absence of a briefing before the start of the flight, stating, on the way to the aircraft, that the copilot was to be Pilot Flying, and failing to consider that the co-pilot was still in the instruction phase.

Operational Aspect
a) Application of commands - contributed
By assuming the command, the captain acted very firm on the controls, excessively pitching the aircraft and at the same time reducing the engine power. When recovering, this allowed the aircraft to lose lift and, therefore, the tip of the wing and the landing gear touched the ground before the runway, causing severe structural damage.
b) Cockpit coordination - contributed
The flight proceeded normally until the moment that the captain judged that the co-pilot kept the aircraft above the glide path. From that moment there is an evident lack of coordination between flight crew.
c) Education - contributed
The training provided by the company suggested a lack of standardization of procedures, despite the existence of a manual adopted by the Operations Sector.
Although they met the ground and flight training program, both pilots failed to carry out training in flying simulator within the period stipulated by law.
They also did not hold a briefing before the flight.
d) Pilot judgement - contributed
By assuming the command, the captain inadequately assessed the necessary corrections, leading the aircraft to stall.
e) Little experience - Undetermined
The copilot was in the initial instruction stage, having little experience in flying the aircraft.
f) Management Supervision - contributed
The Operations Sector did not properly manage the flight operations, in order to prevent a copilot in early instruction stage, to operate the aircraft without the presence of a qualified instructor by the company.
The company allowed the crew to fly without making the flight simulator training, as envisaged in the legislation.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: CENIPA
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years
Accident number: A-048/CENIPA/2010
Download report: Final report

Classification:


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from São Paulo-Congonhas Airport, SP to São José dos Campos Airport, SP as the crow flies is 92 km (57 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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