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Last updated: 17 December 2018
Status:Schlussbericht
Datum:Mittwoch 25 August 2010
Zeit:14:40
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic E145 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Embraer EMB-145LU (ERJ-145LU)
Fluggesellschaft:Passaredo Linhas Aéreas
Kennzeichen: PR-PSJ
Werknummer: 145351
Baujahr: 2000
Triebwerk: 2 Allison AE3007A1
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 3
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 35
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 38
Sachschaden: schwer beschädigt
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:Vitória da Conquista Airport, BA (VDC) (   Brasilien)
Flugphase: Landung (LDG)
Betriebsart:Inländischer planmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport, SP (GRU/SBGR), Brasilien
Flug nach:Vitória da Conquista Airport, BA (VDC/SBQV), Brasilien
Unfallbericht:
An Embraer ERJ145 sustained substantial damage in a runway excursion accident at Vitória da Conquista Airport, BA (VDC).
On the final segment of a VFR approach to runway 15, the main landing gear and the underside of the aircraft hit a small mound located short of the runway threshold. The aircraft skidded for 300 meters and ended up exiting the runway via its left side. It came to rest at approximately 35 meters from the runway. The aircraft sustained substantial damage.

Probable Cause:

Contributing factors.
- Attention - a contributor.
During the approach, the flight crew's attention was focused on the characteristics of the geographical relief and presence of birds, reducing their awareness as to the maintenance of the approach slope.
- Work-group culture - a contributor.
The group culture of maintaining a low angle of approach led the crew to choose the runway aspect instead of the VASIS as a reference for the approach, making them susceptible to various types of spatial illusion.
- Handling of aircraft flight controls - undetermined.
Taking into account copilot's report that he was not succeeding in correcting the aircraft glide path relative to the runway, one may suppose that he was not applying the appropriate amplitude for such correction.
- Visual illusions - a contributor.
The physical characteristics of the runway 15 (the active one) contributed to a wrong perception of the ideal glide path. The pronounced acclivity of the runway, its width (narrower than the runways on which the crew was accustomed to operate), and the low terrain near the threshold, caused in the pilots a perception that they were above the ideal approach slope, leading them to seek correction, which resulted in an angle of approach below the ideal one.
- Management planning - undetermined.
For the flight in question, the company chose two pilots who had never operated in SBQV. A crewmember with previous experience in the locality would have a higher level of awareness in relation to the specific characteristics of the aerodrome.
- Support systems - a contributor.
No company publications were found that could provide the pilots with guidance on the specifics of SBQV, capable of helping with the management of the risks associated with the operation in that aerodrome.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: CENIPA
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 6 years and 9 months
Accident number: A - 512/CENIPA/2016
Download report: Final report

Informationsquelle:
» Avião faz pouso de barriga na Bahia (Midiacon, 25-8-2010)

METAR Weather report:
17:00 UTC / 14:00 local time:
SBQV 251700Z 09011KT 9999 FEW010 BKN015 23/18 Q1022=

18:00 UTC / 15:00 local time:
SBQV 251800Z 08015KT 9999 SCT015 22/17 Q1021=


Sicherheitsempfehlungen

CENIPA issued 3 Safety Recommendations

Show all...

Fotos

photo of Embraer ERJ-145LU HB-JAI
HB-JAI was sold to Finncomm (OH-EBE) and moved to Brasil as PR-PSJ in June 2010
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport, SP to Vitória da Conquista Airport, BA as the crow flies is 1116 km (697 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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