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Last updated: 18 July 2019
Estado:Final
Fecha:miércoles 2 marzo 2011
Hora:09:05
Tipo:Silhouette image of generic SW4 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Swearingen SA227-AC Metro III
Operado por:Air Norway
Alquilado a :North Flying
Registración: OY-NPB
Numéro de série: AC-420
Año de Construcción: 1981
Horas Totales de la Célula:24833
Ciclos:29491
Motores: 2 Garrett TPE331-11U-612G
Tripulación:Fatalidades: 0 / Ocupantes: 2
Pasajeros:Fatalidades: 0 / Ocupantes: 9
Total:Fatalidades: 0 / Ocupantes: 11
Daños en la Aeronave: Anulado
Consecuencias: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Ubicación:Oslo-Gardermoen Airport (OSL) (   Noruega)
Fase: Aterrizaje (LDG)
Naturaleza:Vuelo Doméstico Programado
Aeropuerto de Salida:Ørland Airport (OLA/ENOL), Noruega
Aeropuerto de Llegada:Oslo-Gardermoen Airport (OSL/ENGM), Noruega
Número de Vuelo: 990
Descripción:
A Swearingen SA.227AC Metro III, OY-NPB, sustained substantial damage in a runway excursion accident at Oslo-Gardermoen (OSL), Norway. None of the eleven occupants were injured.
The airplane operated on scheduled flight M3990 from OLA (Ørland) to OSL. During roll-out following a normal landing, when the aircraft's speed had decreased to less than 60 kt, the aircraft started an uncommanded turn to the right. The nose wheel steering system was activated. The course could not be corrected, and the aircraft veered off the side of the runway where it became stuck in hard-packed snow one meter deep.
The investigation has shown that the loss of control was most likely caused by a fault in the nose wheel steering. The same problem had occurred six days earlier, but the commander then managed to disconnect the nose wheel steering in time and regained control. The fault could not be reproduced, and the aircraft was released to service after inspection and testing without remarks.
The nose wheel steering system on this aircraft type is relatively complex, and over time several improvements have been made to improve its reliability. The Flight Manual has a caution related to activation of nose wheel steering at speeds higher than normal taxi speed.

There was some freezing rain/freezing fog at the time of the accident.

Probable Cause:

Comprehensive technical examination of the nose wheel steering on OY-NPB uncovered no single causal factor, but some indications of unsatisfactory maintenance. Irregularities that alone or in combination could have caused a temporary fault with the steering were present. The Accident Investigation Board believes that a temporary fault caused the nose wheel to unintentionally lock itself in a position towards the right. No other defects or irregularities that could explain why the aircraft veered off the runway were found.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AIBN
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 4 months
Accident number: SL 2012/06
Download report: Final report

Fuentes:
» AIBN Norway

METAR Weather report:
02:41 UTC / local time:
280241Z 19003KT 7000 FEW009 BKN025 M05/M06 Q1027


Fotos

photo of Swearingen-SA227-AC-Metro-III-OY-NPB
accident date: 02-03-2011
type: Swearingen SA227-AC Metro III
registration: OY-NPB
photo of Swearingen-SA227-AC-Metro-III-OY-NPB
accident date: 02-03-2011
type: Swearingen SA227-AC Metro III
registration: OY-NPB
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Ørland Airport to Oslo-Gardermoen Airport as the crow flies is 394 km (247 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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