ASN Aircraft accident de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 310 8Q-TMD Biyaadhoo Training Lagoon
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Monday 11 July 2011
Type:Silhouette image of generic DHC6 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 310
Operator:Trans Maldivian Airways
Registration: 8Q-TMD
MSN: 530
First flight: 1977
Total airframe hrs:34746
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-27
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Biyaadhoo Training Lagoon (   Maldives)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Departure airport:Malé International Airport (MLE/VRMM), Maldives
Destination airport:Malé International Airport (MLE/VRMM), Maldives
Flightnumber: 201A
A float-equipped de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter sustained substantial damage in a heavy landing in Biyaadhoo Training Lagoon, Maldives. The two pilots on board were not injured.
The aircraft had departed from North bound left (NL) water runway of Male International Airport (MLE) at 08:20 local time for a routine training flight bound to Biyaadhoo Lagoon, the designated training area. The sky was clear with good visibility and wind 8-10 knots from west and south west.
During the training five landings and takeoffs were made simulating different conditions of flight. All these landings and takeoffs were made inside the lagoon except the last landing where the crew decided to land on open water outside the lagoon. The crew were simulating a tail wind/single engine landing.
As per the crew, the aircraft initial touch down was smooth. However, they stroke a wave which made the aircraft bounce foe about 20 feet. With the low power aircraft hit the water again with great impact, resulting multiple float attachments to break. Both front and main spreader bars broke and floats rose up, twisted and hitting the bottom engine cowlings. Propeller cuts were found on front of both floats. Also, the flaps as well as the flap selectors were found on the zero position.

Probable Cause:

AICC determines that the probable cause(s) of the accident to be:
Impact with a high swell during landing followed by a high bounce and hard landing resulting in both float attachments being damaged and detached with major structural damages. Major contributing factor was higher than normal touch down speed due to abnormal landing configuration.
- Selection of inappropriate landing site (channel) and landing direction (tail wind) based on surface conditions present at that time.
- Simulation of multiple emergencies.
- Abnormal landing configuration (flaps at zero) for single engine landing.
- Time pressure to complete the training and return to commercial operations.

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: AICC Maldives
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 167 days (6 months)
Accident number: Final report
Download report: Final report

Bounced on landing
Runway mishap

» TMA seaplane crash-lands near Biyaadhoo resort (Haveeru, 11-7-2011)
» Aviation authorities await seaplane crash report before considering safety review (Minivan News, 11-7-2011)

Follow-up / safety actions

AICC Maldives issued 6 Safety Recommendations

Show all...


photo of DHC-6-Twin-Otter-310-8Q-TMD
accident date: 11-07-2011
type: de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 310
registration: 8Q-TMD


This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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