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Last updated: 20 January 2019
Status:Schlussbericht
Datum:Freitag 15 Februar 2013
Zeit:09:00
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic E50P model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Embraer EMB-500 Phenom 100
Fluggesellschaft:Abelag Aviation
Kennzeichen: OO-MAS
Werknummer: 50000196
Baujahr: 2010
Betriebsstunden:562
Anzahl Zyklen der Zelle:534
Triebwerk: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW617F-E
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 2
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 1
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 3
Sachschaden: schwer beschädigt
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:Berlin-Schönefeld Airport (SXF) (   Deutschland)
Flugphase: Landung (LDG)
Betriebsart:Internationaler außerplanmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:Kortrijk-Wevelgem International Airport (KJK/EBKT), Belgien
Flug nach:Berlin-Schönefeld Airport (SXF/EDDB), Deutschland
Unfallbericht:
The Embraer EMB-500 Phenom 100 jet departed Kortrijk-Wevelgem International Airport (KJK), Belgium at 07:38 hours local time on a flight to Berlin-Schönefeld Airport (SXF), Germany. The copilot was Pilot Flying, the Pilot in Command (PIC) was Pilot Monitoring.
While en route at FL390 the flight crew listened out the ATIS frequency for Berlin-Schönefeld, but they failed to hear any airport information.
After commencing the descent, the flight was cleared for an ILS approach to runway 07L at Berlin-Schönefeld. When passing FL200 in the descent, the Pilot Flying wanted to start the descent checklist, but the Pilot Monitoring wanted to fully listen out the ATIS which was now being received. The ATIS among others stated: "[…] moderate icing reported below 3 000 feet […]".
At 08:51 the Pilot Monitoring stated that the temperature was not below zero Celsius and that he wanted to wait before switching on the anti-ice systems. Four minutes later he switched on the Engine Anti-Ice System as temperature had dropped below zero.
At 08:57 the flight was cleared to land on runway 07L. When working the Approach checklist, the Pilot Monitoring at the "icing conditions" item stated that "it is still on".
The aircraft was subsequently configured for the final approach and the autopilot was disconnected. The PIC stated that they had visual contact with the runway and that 'everything could be switched off'. He proceeded to switch off the Engine Anti-Ice and Windshield Anti-Ice Systems.
As the aircraft was flared over the threshold, the left wing dropped and contacted the runway. The aircraft then rolled right and touched down hard on the right hand main landing gear. The gear leg broke and the aircraft slid along the side of the runway until coming to a stop 447 meters past the runway threshold.
A few minutes after the accident, officials noted that a 10 mm layer of ice had accumulated on the aircraft nose, wing leading edge, undercarriage and stabilizer.

The PIC stated after the accident that he had not seen any ice accretion on the outer third of the wing and decided not to use the Wing and Horizontal Stabilizer De-Ice System. Activating this system would also have reduced aircraft performance.

Probable Cause:

Ursachen
Der Flugunfall ist auf folgende Ursachen zurückzuführen:
- Die Besatzung führte den Anflug unter bekannten Vereisungsbedingungen durch und schaltete dabei, entgegen der Standard Operating Procedures (SOP), das Wing and Horizontal Stabilizer De-Ice System nicht ein.
- Das Flugzeug geriet aufgrund von Eisansatz an Tragflächen und Leitwerk und Unterschreiten der für Vereisungsbedingungen vorgeschriebenen Anfluggeschwindigkeit beim Abfangen in den überzogenen Flugzustand und kippte ab.
Beitragender Faktor:
- Die Besatzung verfügte über unzureichende Kenntnisse hinsichtlich des Zusammenhangs zwischen dem Ice Protection System und dem Stall Warning Protection System (SWPS).

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: BFU Germany
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 5 years and 10 months
Accident number: BFU CX001-13
Download report: Final report

Informationsquelle:
» BFU CX001-13


Sicherheitsempfehlungen

AAIU Belgium issued 4 Safety Recommendations

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Fotos

photo of Embraer EMB-500 Phenom 100 OO-MAS
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Kortrijk-Wevelgem International Airport to Berlin-Schönefeld Airport as the crow flies is 728 km (455 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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