Crash-aerien 24 MAY 2013 d'un Airbus A320-232 LZ-MDR - Varna Airpot (VAR)
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Statuts:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:vendredi 24 mai 2013
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic A320 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A320-232
Compagnie:Air VIA
Immatriculation: LZ-MDR
Numéro de série: 5158
Année de Fabrication: 2012-05-10 (1 year )
Heures de vol:3164
Moteurs: 2 IAE V2527-A5
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 6
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 172
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 178
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:Varna Airpot (VAR) (   Bulgarie)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Intern.
Aéroport de départ:Leipzig Airport (LEJ/EDDP), Allemagne
Aéroport de destination:Varna Airport (VAR/LBWN), Bulgarie
Numéro de vol:VIM502
The Airbus A320-232 sustained substantial damage in a runway excursion accident upon landing at Varna Airport (VAR), Bulgaria.
The aircraft overran runway 09 and traveled about 200 m over a grass area before crossing a perimeter road and impacting a fence.
An emergency evacuation was performed during which two passengers were injured.

Probable Cause:

Contributing factors (translated from Bulgarian):
1. Insufficient analysis of the general weather conditions as forecast and an underestimation of the actual weather by the meteorological office at Varna Airport ATS Centre and flight crew during descent of the aircraft.
2. Sharp, dynamic change in the parameters of wind speed and direction, just before touchdown the aircraft.
3. Failure by the flight crew to limit tail wind speed of the plane and wrong decision by the pilot to land, subject to weather conditions necessitating missed, balked landing, going to a holding area or alternate
4. Aircraft touched down around the middle of the runway at a speed greater than the speed of approach (Vapp). Automatic braking was disabled during braking by the pilot flying, as he was in arrears with the activation of the maximum speed of the brakes.
5. Increased workload of the captain:
- Lack of experience of the co-pilot of the aircraft type;
- Shortening the time for landing due to next scheduled flight of the plane.

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: AAIU Bulgaria
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 6 months
Accident number: Final report
Download report: Final report


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Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Leipzig Airport et Varna Airport est de 1471 km (919 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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