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Accident description
Last updated: 17 February 2018
Status:Preliminary - official
Date:Thursday 3 October 2013
Type:Silhouette image of generic E120 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Embraer EMB-120RT Brasilia
Operator:Associated Aviation
Registration: 5N-BJY
C/n / msn: 120174
First flight: 1990
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW118
Crew:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 7
Passengers:Fatalities: 11 / Occupants: 13
Total:Fatalities: 16 / Occupants: 20
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Lagos-Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS) (   Nigeria)
Crash site elevation: 41 m (135 feet) amsl
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:Domestic Non Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Lagos-Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS/DNMM), Nigeria
Destination airport:Akure Airport (AKR/DNAK), Nigeria
Flightnumber: 361
An Embraer EMB-120RT Brasilia turboprop was destroyed in an accident during takeoff from Lagos-Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS), Nigeria. The airplane impacted the ground near the airport fuel depot and broke up. A fire erupted. There were 20 people on board the plane. Seven occupants initially survived the accident. Three later died in hospital.
Associated Aviation flight SCD-361 was on a chartered flight from Lagos to Akure, Nigeria. The airplane was carrying the body of a former Governor of Ondo State, Dr. Olusegun Agagu, for burial in Akure.
Prior to departure the crew discussed some concerns about the aircraft. The nature of these concerns is being investigated by the AIB Nigeria.
Flight 361 was cleared for takeoff on runway 18L; wind was calm. Approximately 4 seconds after engine power was advanced to commence the takeoff roll, the crew received an automated aural warning "Takeoff Flaps.. Takeoff Flaps." The flaps had not been set for takeoff. However, there is some evidence that the crew may have chosen not to use flaps for the takeoff. The copilot noted that the aircraft was moving slowly. Four seconds later, the aural warning sounded: "Takeoff Flaps.. Auto feather." The flight data recorder shows that at this time the right hand engine appeared to be producing considerably less thrust than the left engine.
The no. 2 prop had feathered and during the takeoff the fire handle for that engine was activated.
Some 12 seconds after announcing the '80 knots' call the first officer asked if the take- off should be aborted. Airspeed at the time would have been about 95 knots. The captain indicated that they should continue. The crew did not make a V1 or Vr call. During the rotation, the first officer stated "gently". The First Officer indicated that the aircraft was not climbing and advised the captain who was flying not to stall the aircraft. Immediately after lift-off, the aircraft slowly veered off the runway heading to the right and was not climbing properly. Ten seconds after rotation the stall warning sounded. An aerodynamic stall occurred and the airplane impacted the ground in a nose down near 90 degree right bank attitude.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AIB Nigeria
Status: Investigation ongoing
Duration: 8 days ()
Accident number: Preliminary report
Download report: Preliminary report

Loss of control

» This Day 10-10-2013


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Aircraft history
date registration operator remarks
1990 PT-SQM Embraer first flight
23 MAR 1990 N51726 Britt Airways delivered
01 SEP 1990 N51726 Continental Express merged
10 JUL 2001 N51726 ExpressJet Airlines airline renamed
OCT 2002 N51726 ExpressJet Airlines stored at Roswell, NM
03 JAN 2006 N388JR JRM Air LLC bought by NASCAR team JR Motorsports (co-owned by Dale Earnhardt, Jr)
14 MAY 2007 5N-BJY Associated Aviation delivered

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Lagos-Murtala Muhammed International Airport to Akure Airport as the crow flies is 230 km (144 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Embraer EMB-120

  • 357 built
  • 22nd loss
  • 14th fatal accident
  • 6th worst accident
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  • 15th worst accident
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