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Last updated: 17 August 2019
Status:Final
Date:Monday 6 June 2016
Time:22:43
Type:Silhouette image of generic MD11 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas MD-11F
Operator:United Parcel Service - UPS
Registration: N277UP
C/n / msn: 48578/588
First flight: 1995
Total airframe hrs:63195
Cycles:11344
Engines: 3 Pratt & Whitney PW4460
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 4
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN) (   South Korea)
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN/RKSI), South Korea
Destination airport:Anchorage-Ted Stevens International Airport, AK (ANC/PANC), United States of America
Flightnumber:5X61
Narrative:
UPS flight 5X61 suffered a runway excursion and nose gear collapse in a takeoff accident at Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN). The aircraft, an McDonnell Douglas MD-11F cargo plane was bound for Anchorage, Alaska.
The aircraft's takeoff weight was 629,600 lbs, which was below the maximum allowable take-off weight of 630,500 lbs. The flight was cleared for takeoff from runway 33L. The aircraft reached V1 speed after a ground run of 6413 feet. About that time the crew heard a noise, originating from the failure of the no.9 tire (the left-hand tire on the central landing gear). The no.10 tire on the same landing gear also ruptured. Vibration and torsion forces then caused the lower drag brace of the central landing gear to break. The drag brace then hit the body several times. This caused a rupture of the hydraulic system of brake system 1, reducing the total brake efficiency to about 48% as the crew rejected the takeoff. With 4,635 feet of runway remaining the aircraft began to decelerate.
The aircraft required a deceleration distance of at least about 5,550ft from the position where the takeoff was rejected. As a result, the MD-11 stopped at approximately 1,591 ft (485 m) past the end of the runway 33L. The nose gear collapsed and the no. 1 and 3 engines contacted the grass.

The ARAIB investigators noted that there is an inherent difficulty in determining the flight performance of an aircraft after V1 when limited information and little time is available to the crew for a go/no-go decision.
The UPS flight operations manual states that after V1, rejecting takeoff is not recommended unless the captain judges that aircraft can not fly, but the manual does not establish a definition of 'non-flying'. ARAIB notes that it would be beneficial for the aviation industry to provide flight crews with definitions of 'non-flightability' and additional guidance and training as to how to judge aircraft flight performance under certain circumstances, especially after V1.

Probable Cause:

CAUSE (translated from Korean):
After the take-off determination speed (V1), the high-speed takeoff abandonment is performed by the tire of the central landing gear and the drag brace defect, and the runway is separated.
Contributing factor is "
(1) For limited time and available information on the encountered situation,
(2) Dynamic instability of dragging of central landing gear after tire failure.
(3) Decrease in braking performance due to rupture of hydraulic pipe of brake system 1 ".

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: ARAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 3 years
Accident number: ARAIB/AAR1606
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Rejected takeoff
Runway excursion

Sources:
» Yonhap
» Korea Times

METAR Weather report:
13:30 UTC / 22:30 local time:
RKSI 061330Z 36001KT 9000 SCT040 BKN120 19/14 Q1012 NOSIG

14:00 UTC / 23:00 local time:
RKSI 061400Z 36002KT 9000 SCT040 BKN120 20/14 Q1012 NOSIG

14:30 UTC / 23:30 local time:
RKSI 061430Z 28003KT 250V320 9000 SCT040 BKN120 20/14 Q1012 NOSIG

15:00 UTC / 00:00 local time:
RKSI 061500Z 12002KT 8000 SCT040 BKN120 20/14 Q1012 NOSIG


Follow-up / safety actions

issued 1 Notice to Airmen (Notam)

Show all...

Photos

photo of MD-11F-N277UP
accident date: 06-06-2016
type: McDonnell Douglas MD-11F
registration: N277UP
photo of MD-11F-N277UP
accident date: 06-06-2016
type: McDonnell Douglas MD-11F
registration: N277UP
photo of MD-11F-N277UP
accident date: 06-06-2016
type: McDonnell Douglas MD-11F
registration: N277UP
photo of MD-11F-N277UP
accident date: 06-06-2016
type: McDonnell Douglas MD-11F
registration: N277UP
photo of MD-11F-N277UP
photo of MD-11F-N277UP
photo of MD-11F-N277UP
accident date: 06-06-2016
type: McDonnell Douglas MD-11F
registration: N277UP
 

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This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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