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Last updated: 5 April 2020
Status:Final
Date:Friday 30 September 2016
Time:12:04
Type:Silhouette image of generic C208 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
Operator:Llanera de Aviación
Registration: HK-3804
C/n / msn: 208B0315
First flight: 1992
Total airframe hrs:2867
Engines: 1 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-114A
Crew:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 9
Total:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 11
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:near San Antonio de Prado (   Colombia)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Non Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Medellín-Enrique Olaya Herrera Airport (EOH/SKMD), Colombia
Destination airport:Juradó Airport (JUO/SKJU), Colombia
Narrative:
A Cessna 208B Grand Caravan, HK-3804, was destroyed when it impacted a hillside in a rural area near San Antonio de Prado, Colombia.
The aircraft departed Medellín-Enrique Olaya Herrera Airport at 11:58 hours on a domestic charter flight to Juradó. The flight was
cleared to fly on a runway course to Cerro El Volador and then make a turn to the right, in a visual climb until crossing the town of San Antonio de Prado. According to ATC information, the aircraft estimated to cross the position of San Antonio de Prado at 12:00, however, no notification was obtained from the flight.
At 13:00 the aircraft was found crashed. The copilot, two passengers and a new-born baby suffered fatal injuries.

The investigation by Aerocivil showed that the crew used an empty basic weight of the aircraft of 5254 lbs (2383 kg), that is, 157 lbs. (71 kg) below the actual weight of the aircraft, which was 5411 lbs (2454 kg), according to the last certified weighing of the aircraft. They also did not take into account the 650 kg of cargo on board.
According to the crew's calculations, the takeoff weight of the aircraft was 8719 lbs (3955 kg), which was below the maximum takeoff weight of 8750 lbs (3970 kg). Instead, the actual takeoff weight was 10320 lbs (4681 kg).

Probable Cause:

Probable cause:
Execution of a take-off with a weight approximately 17% higher than the maximum gross operating weight (MTOW) established for the C208B aircraft.
Limited climb rate with signs of lift loss due to the low performance given by the overweight during the initial climb phase.
Forced landing in mountainous terrain due to loss of lift caused by overweight during the initial climb.
Absence in the identification of the risks associated to an overweight operation of the aircraft.

Contributing Factors:
Lack of supervision by the Aircraft Operator in relation to the dispatch of aircraft operating from the outside at the main base of operation.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: Aerocivil
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years
Accident number: COL-16-35-GIA
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Overloaded
Forced landing outside airport

Sources:
» El Espectador
» Minuto30.com


Follow-up / safety actions

Aerocivil issued 3 Safety Recommendations

Show all...

Photos

photo of Cessna-208B-Grand-Caravan-HK-3804
accident date: 30-09-2016
type: Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
registration: HK-3804
 

Video, social media

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Medellín-Enrique Olaya Herrera Airport to Juradó Airport as the crow flies is 255 km (159 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
languages: languages

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