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Last updated: 22 March 2019
Date:Tuesday 27 December 2016
Type:Silhouette image of generic B738 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-85R (WL)
Operator:Jet Airways
Registration: VT-JBG
C/n / msn: 35083/2535
First flight: 2008-02-27 (8 years 10 months)
Total airframe hrs:36256
Engines: 2 CFMI CFM56-7B26
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 7
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 154
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 161
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:Goa-Dabolim Airport (GOI) (   India)
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Goa-Dabolim Airport (GOI/VAGO), India
Destination airport:Mumbai (Bombay) Airport (BOM/VABB), India
Jet Airways flight 2374, a Boeing 737-85R (WL), suffered a runway excursion at Goa-Dabolim Airport (GOI) in India.
The flight crew requested ATC for a pushback clearance at 04:52 local time. ATC cleared the flight to line up on runway 26 by entering Taxiway N1 and backtracking. The crew requested for an intersection departure, but this was not allowed by ATC. The starboard engine was started followed by start of port engine at 04:53.
At 05:01, as the aircraft was taxiing down th runway, ATC gave a departure clearance to the aircraft. It was cleared to Mumbai at FL220. The aircraft thereafter lined up on runway 26 after making a 180° turn at the turn pad. At 05:03, flight 2374 was cleared for take-off.
The crew completed the before take-off checklist and at 05:03 pushed the thrust levers to increase the thrust. After the Throttle Lever Angle (TLA) had passed 40%, the pilot in command pressed the TOGA button for takeoff.
As soon as TOGA was pressed, the aircraft started drifting towards the right. Within 10 to 12 seconds the aircraft went off the runway, onto the grass. The crew tried to apply brakes, rudder and use nosewheel steering to steer the aircraft. Due to heavy bumps they could not apply control effectively.
The aircraft stopped at a distance of 219 m from the runway edge and just short of perimeter road. In the process it had hit PAPI lights. The engine had hit a vertical pillar of 2.3 m in height, located at 92 m abeam the center line of runway 26. The pillar also damaged the left bottom portion of the fuselage.
The aircraft was evacuated after coming to rest. Sixteen passengers suffered minor injuries during the evacuation.

Probable Cause:

Probable cause of the Accident: "The PIC pressed TOGA when the thrust on no.1 engine was 40% and no.2 engine was 28% in deviation from SOP, which caused the No.1 engine thrust to increase at a faster rate than no.2 resulting in aircraft yawing towards right. In the absence of timely desired corrective actions including reject takeoff, the aircraft veered off the runway and continued to move in a semicircular arc on the undulated ground resulting in substantial damages to the aircraft."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AAIB India
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 11 months
Accident number: final report
Download report: Final report

Runway excursion

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METAR Weather report:
23:30 UTC / 05:00 local time:
VOGO 262330Z VRB03KT 4000 BR NSC 21/20 Q1010 BECMG 3000 HZ/BR

Follow-up / safety actions

AAIB India issued 7 Safety Recommendations

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photo of Boeing 737-85R (WL) VT-JBG
photo of Boeing 737-85R (WL) VT-JBG
photo of Boeing 737-85R (WL) VT-JBG
photo of Boeing 737-85R (WL) VT-JBG
photo of Boeing 737-85R (WL) VT-JBG
photo of Boeing 737-85R (WL) VT-JBG
photo of Boeing 737-85R (WL) VT-JBG
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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Goa-Dabolim Airport to Mumbai (Bombay) Airport as the crow flies is 422 km (264 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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