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Last updated: 24 June 2021
Status:Final
Date:Wednesday 26 July 2017
Time:10:26
Type:Silhouette image of generic H25B model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Raytheon Hawker 850XP
Operator:Genel Havacilik
Registration: TC-MAN
MSN: 258836
First flight: 2007
Total airframe hrs:3825
Cycles:2266
Engines: 2 Honeywell TFE731-5BR
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 1
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Aircraft damage: Minor
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:Mikonos Airport (JMK) (   Greece)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Non Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Istanbul-Atatürk International Airport (IST/LTBA), Turkey
Destination airport:Mikonos Airport (JMK/LGMK), Greece
Narrative:
The Raytheon Hawker 850XP, TC-MAN, deprarted Istanbul-Atatürk International Airport, Turkey, on a flight to Mikonos, Greece.
The flight was given instructions by the Mikonos Approach controller in preparation for an approach and landing on runway 16.
At 10:24:51 h ATC confirmed: “TC-MAN copy wind 1800/05kts runway 16 clear to land.”
While the aircraft was descending from 200 to 100 ft AGL, the stick pusher activated. Then, while the aircraft was at a height of 30 ft from the runway the captain heard twice told the First Officer, who was the PF, to perform a Go Around. After landing, the First Officer was heard saying with a laugh, "What have I done my friend?", while at the end of the conversation between them, he added: "Well something happened. A sudden drift came from the right.”
According to the captain’s report, during the landing on runway 16, due to the existence of windshear, the aircraft deviated to the left. It appeared the left wing tip and parts of the left wing had contacted the runway.

Probable Cause:

Root Cause:
The non-stabilized approach, from 2000 ft to touch down, regarding the final approach and landing speed, ranging from -6 to -31 kts lower than the appropriate recommended Approach speed of 131 kts and Vref of 121 kts and very close to the A/C Stalling speed of 97 kts.
Contributing Factors
- CRM during approach and landing between the Captain and Fist Officer was not effective.
- No standard call outs regarding speed management. Only “GO AROUND” is heard on CVR.
- Lack of familiarity of the Flight Crew with the peculiarities in terms of approach and landing at MYKONOS airport may have contributed to raised anxiety especially on R/W 16.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIASB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 3 years and 9 months
Accident number: 02/2021
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Landing after unstabilized approach
Runway mishap

Follow-up / safety actions

AAIASB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Istanbul-Atatürk International Airport to Mikonos Airport as the crow flies is 491 km (307 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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