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Last updated: 19 September 2018
Status:Preliminary - official
Date:Sunday 19 November 2017
Time:13:26
Type:Silhouette image of generic AT76 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
ATR 72-212A (ATR-72-600)
Operator:Virgin Australia Airlines
Registration: VH-FVZ
C/n / msn: 1087
First flight: 2013-04-25 (4 years 7 months)
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127M
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 5
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 67
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 72
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:Canberra Airport, ACT (CBR) (   Australia)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Sydney-Kingsford Smith International Airport, NSW (SYD/YSSY), Australia
Destination airport:Canberra Airport, ACT (CBR/YSCB), Australia
Flightnumber:VA646
Narrative:
A Virgin Australia Airlines ATR 72-600 suffered a hard landing accident at Canberra Airport, Australia.
The aircraft was being operated by Virgin Australia as flight VA646 on a scheduled passenger flight from Sydney to Canberra. On board the aircraft was the captain, first officer, a check captain, two cabin crew and 67 passengers.
The first officer was pilot flying, and the captain was pilot monitoring. The check captain was positioned in the observer seat on the flight deck and was conducting an annual line check of the captain along with a six month line check of the first officer over four flights on the day. The occurrence flight was the last of these flights.
At about 13:20 local time the flight crew were conducting a visual approach to runway 35 at Canberra. The calculated approach speed was 113 kt. At 13:20:52, nine seconds prior to touch down, the aircraft approached the runway at a height of about 107 ft, slightly above the desired approach path. The flight crew reported that at about this time, there was turbulence and changing wind conditions. Flight data showed that at this time, speed had increased to 127 kt. In response to the increasing speed, the first officer reduced power to near flight idle.
Over the next five seconds, the descent rate increased significantly and the speed reduced.
During the last 50 ft of descent, the captain twice called for an increase in power and then called for a go-around. The first officer responded by increasing the power at about the same time as the aircraft touched down.
At 13:21:01, the aircraft touched down heavily on the main landing gear and rear fuselage with a peak recorded vertical acceleration of 2.97G. Assessing that the aircraft was under control, the captain immediately called to the first officer to cancel the go-around and then took control of the aircraft. The flight crew completed the landing roll and taxied to the gate without further incident.
After shutting down the engines, the flight crew reviewed the recorded landing data which indicated a hard landing had occurred, requiring maintenance inspections. The captain then made an entry in the aircraft technical log, and subsequent inspections revealed that the aircraft had been substantially damaged. There were no reported injuries.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: ATSB
Status: Investigation ongoing
Accident number: AO-2017-111

Classification:
Windshear/downdraft
Tailstrike

Sources:
» ATSB

METAR Weather report:
02:00 UTC / 13:00 local time:
YSCB 190200Z 10013KT 9999 SCT050 SCT240 21/08 Q1024 NOSIG

03:00 UTC / 14:00 local time:
YSCB 190300Z 06010KT 040V110 9999 SCT052 SCT250 22/09 Q1023 NOSIG


Photos

photo of ATR 72-600 (72-212A) VH-FVZ
photo of ATR 72-600 (72-212A) VH-FVZ
relevant recorded parameters captured by the FDR
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Sydney-Kingsford Smith International Airport, NSW to Canberra Airport, ACT as the crow flies is 236 km (147 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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