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Last updated: 20 September 2020
Status:Final
Date:Monday 27 November 2017
Time:06:55
Type:Silhouette image of generic E550 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Embraer EMB-550 Legacy 500
Operator:L39 Engineering
Registration: RA-02788
C/n / msn: 55000063
First flight: 2017
Total airframe hrs:93
Cycles:50
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:Paris-Le Bourget Airport (LBG) (   France)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Private
Departure airport:Moskva-Domodedovo Airport (DME/UUDD), Russia
Destination airport:Paris-Le Bourget Airport (LBG/LFPB), France
Narrative:
The crew of the Embraer Legacy 500 were carrying out a private flight from Moscow-Domodedovo Airport, bound for Paris-Le Bourget Airport, France.
At Moscow, a thin film of ice covered the aeroplane and the crew had it de-iced. As icing conditions were prevailing at Moscow airport, the crew set the selector of the ice protection control panel to ALL before starting up the engines. During their start-up, the A-I WINGSTAB FAIL message appeared on the EICAS. The crew tried to reinitialize the system by pressing the WINGSTAB pushbutton and then using the ICE PROT MODE selector. The failure message continued to be displayed. Around five minutes after take-off, the STALL PROT ANTICIPATE warning message appeared on the EICAS and remained on the screen until the end of the flight.
The captain was PF and the first-officer PM for the arrival at Le Bourget airport.
The METARs did not indicate icing conditions. The crew performed the ILS 27 approach at a speed of between 120 and 130 kt. At an altitude of 2,200 ft, while the aeroplane was on the ILS glide path, the AOA limiter protection activated itself and the autopilot (AP) automatically disengaged. The aeroplane passed under the glide slope and a glide slope warning sounded. The captain then increased thrust and levelled off in order to return to the approach path. The AOA limiter protection deactivated itself and the crew re-engaged the AP. At around 1,000 ft QNH, the AOA limiter protection activated itself again and the AP disengaged. The first officer told the captain to keep the speed above the red tape corresponding to the minimum speed authorized by the protection. This protection limits the angle of attack and did not allow the captain to sufficiently increase the aeroplane’s pitch attitude in order to flare, despite making a full nose-up deflection on the sidestick.
The aeroplane touched down on runway 27 with a rate of descent of around 1,350 ft/min and a load factor of 4 g. The right main landing gear ruptured and the upper rear hinge made a hole in the upper surface of the wing.

Probable Cause:

Conclusion:
The crew undertook the flight to Le Bourget airport despite the presence of the A-I WINGSTAB FAIL message and icing conditions at departure from Moscow. The occurrence of the failure is linked to the activation of the ice protection system in the ALL position before engine start-up. The procedure associated with this failure, as written at the time of the accident, did not enable the crew to reinitialize the ice protection system. The BEFORE TAKEOFF procedure and then the consultation of the MEL should have resulted in the crew postponing the flight.
During the climb, the appearance of the STALL PROT ANTICIPATE message on the EICAS informed the crew of the increase in AOA limiter protection activation speeds. The associated procedure should have led the crew to increase the reference speed by 30 kt during the approach.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: BEA
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 7 months
Accident number: BEA2017-0674
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Heavy landing
Runway mishap

Sources:
» MAK
» BEA

METAR Weather report:
05:00 UTC / 06:00 local time:
LFPB 270500Z AUTO 23006KT 9999 FEW038 BKN047 06/04 Q1025 TEMPO BKN004

06:00 UTC / 07:00 local time:
LFPB 270600Z AUTO 22007KT 9999 FEW028 BKN042 BKN140 07/04 Q1025 NOSIG

07:00 UTC / 08:00 local time:
LFPB 270700Z AUTO 23010KT 9999 FEW035 BKN110 BKN130 07/05 Q1024 NOSIG

08:00 UTC / 09:00 local time:
LFPB 270800Z AUTO 21011KT 9999 FEW019 BKN064 BKN084 07/04 Q1024 NOSIG

09:00 UTC / 10:00 local time:
LFPB 270900Z AUTO 24012KT 9999 SCT019 BKN068 OVC084 07/04 Q1024 BECMG 23015G25KT


Photos

photo of Embraer-EMB-550-Legacy-500-RA-02788
accident date: 27-11-2017
type: Embraer EMB-550 Legacy 500
registration: RA-02788
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Moskva-Domodedovo Airport to Paris-Le Bourget Airport as the crow flies is 2472 km (1545 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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