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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 132156
Last updated: 12 June 2020
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Date:15-DEC-1993
Time:17:45
Type:Silhouette image of generic PA46 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Piper PA-46-350P Malibu Mirage
Owner/operator:Private
Registration: N92GP
C/n / msn: 4622120
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 1
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Category:Accident
Location:Wilkes-Barre, PA -   United States of America
Phase: En route
Nature:Private
Departure airport:BED
Destination airport:JYO
Investigating agency: NTSB
Narrative:
On Wednesday, December 15, 1993, at 1745 eastern standard time, a Piper PA-46, N92GP, registered to and piloted by John F. Burton, was destroyed during a forced landing near Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. The pilot was not injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and an IFR flight plan was filed. The flight was being conducted under 14 CFR Part 91.

The airplane departed Bedford, Massachusetts, destined for Leesburg, Virginia. While cruising at 24,000 feet, the pilot observed a decrease in engine oil pressure, followed by a decrease in manifold pressure. He requested Air Route Traffic Control to provide vectors to land at the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport. During the descent, the available engine power continued to decrease.

An overcast cloud condition existed at the airport, but the pilot was able to visually locate the runway and maneuver for a landing. While attempting to land on runway 22, the continued loss of engine power prevented the pilot from completing the landing, and the airplane impacted trees approximately 1/4 mile east of the airport.

On January 11, 1994, the engine was examined at the Textron Lycoming Aircraft Engine facility, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, under the supervision of the Safety Board Investigator-In-Charge, During this examination, the following observations were noted:

* The engine could not be rotated.

* There were two holes in the top of the crankcase. One was near the No.1 cylinder exhaust cam lobe. The other was near the No. 2 cylinder exhaust cam lobe.

* There were other cracks/bulges near the No. 5 cylinder exhaust lobe, and the bottom of the crankcase near No. 1 and 2 cylinders.

* The No. 2 cylinder oil return line was not secured by the adjustable clamp to the hex fitting. The hose was on the fitting, but the clamp was not holding it.

* The oil sump and the oil suction screen contained metal debris.

* The No. 5 cylinder connecting rod was fractured. Pieces of connecting rod and bearing were found in the oil sump.

* The exhaust tappets for cylinders No.'s 1, 2, 3 and 4, and the No. 4 intake tappet were fractured.

The Textron Lycoming report stated:

From the evidence...it appears that the No. 5 connecting rod bearing deteriorated as a result of a lubrication interruption which resulted in the No. 5 connecting rod failure. The heat discolorization observed on both the connecting rod and crankcase journal in addition to the surface smearing and deformation would be consistent with a lubrication interruption type of failure. Fragments of the broken connecting rod migrated throughout the engine colliding with rotating and reciprocating components creating additional debris. This migration and collision of debris resulted in the engine sustaining extensive damage.

The two turbochargers and the turbocharger wastegate were examined at the Allied Signal facility in Torrence, California, on February 3, 1994, under the supervision of investigators from the National Transportation Safety Board. A report of this examination prepared by Allied Signal stated:

The teardown and examination of both turbochargers revealed...that either/or both had been operated at an elevated operating temperature and/or with little or no oil due to the damage observed to the bearings....

* The wastegate was functional with no oil leaks.

* All seals in the turbochargers and the wastegate were functional. There were no indications of any leakage that would cause a complete loss of engine oil.

On D

Sources:

NTSB id 20001211X13912


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
06-May-2012 04:04 harro Updated [Aircraft type, Narrative]
06-May-2012 04:04 harro Updated [Aircraft type]
21-Dec-2016 19:25 ASN Update Bot Updated [Time, Damage, Category, Investigating agency]

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