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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 133042
Last updated: 26 December 2020
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Date:08-JUL-1995
Time:19:30
Type:Silhouette image of generic RALL model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
PZL-110 Koliber 150A
Owner/operator:Private
Registration: N150AE
C/n / msn: 4940070
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Category:Accident
Location:Pickens, SC -   United States of America
Phase: En route
Nature:Private
Departure airport:CDN
Destination airport:CDN
Investigating agency: NTSB
Narrative:
On July 8, 1995, at 1930 eastern daylight time, a PZL Koliber -150A, N150AE, was destroyed following a collision with terrain, and subsequent explosion, during a forced landing attempt near Pickens, South Carolina. The commercial pilot and one passenger received minor injuries, the other passenger recieved serious injury in the accident; the aircraft was destroyed. Visual meteorological conditions existed at the time, and no flight plan had been filed for the personal flight. The aircraft was being operated under the provisions of 14 CFR Part 91 by the pilot. The flight departed Camden, South Carolina at 1715, and the flight was intended to return to Camden.

The pilot reported that he received a weather briefing from a Federal Aviation Administration Flight Service Station (FSS). The conditions were favorable for the formation of carburetor ice (see attached Weather Information (page 4), and Icing Probability Curves). He glanced at the Carburetor Temperature Gauge and it appeared normal "although the impending situation became the main focus of attention." According to the pilot, carburetor heat was not used. During cruise flight over the mountainous terrain, the aircraft engine began to lose power. He turned on the electric fuel boost pump, and the engine regained power momentarily. The engine then began a "slow steady decrease from 2500 RPM to 1700 RPM where it was to stabilize." He reported that, with the reduced power, he could not clear the mountain ridges and elected to execute a forced landing into the tree tops. The aircraft impacted the trees and terrain at minimum controllable airspeed (MCA), and there was a post crash fire and an explosion. The occupants were forced to remain with the aircraft until the following morning, and then walked down the mountain, and found assistance about 1800 on the afternoon of July 9.

Examination of the airplane failed to disclose a mechanical malfunction or a component failure. The functional engine examination revealed that there was continuity in the engine drive train. There was strong evidence of a post-crash fire, both magneto housings were melted along with the vacuum pump and engine fuel pump. The on-scene FAA Safety Inspector stated, "The final outcome of this tear down is no evidence of engine failure or anything that could cause a loss of power."

A mechanic, who maintains another PZL Koliber 150A, called to report that he had been having trouble with the aircraft engine running rough. He stated that he had made several efforts to correct the problem by adjusting, and attempting to have the carburetor rebuilt. He stated that he could not correct the problem in this manner, so he replaced the induction airbox with and airbox from a Piper PA-140. After the airbox change, the aircraft engine ran smoothly through all power configurations.

The aircraft engine manufacturer, who does not build the airbox, sent a representative to the factory in Poland to test a new aircraft in order to attempt to identify the problem. The Product Service Representative from the engine manufacturer reported that the new aircraft engine began to run rough at about 1800 revolutions per minute (RPM). He stated that leaning the engine exacerbated the condition, and that the addition of carburetor heat resulted in a rise in engine RPM rather than a decrease.
PROBABLE CAUSE:the inadequate design and operation of the induction airbox. A factor in the accident was the carburetor icing weather conditions.

Sources:

NTSB id 20001207X03863


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
21-Dec-2016 19:25 ASN Update Bot Updated [Time, Damage, Category, Investigating agency]

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